Diagnostic & Pathology Services

Virtus Diagnostics offers a complete range of general pathology as well as specialist fertility and genetic testing. To refine the list of tests available to match your area of interest, select one or more of the filters below.

Search for a test by name or browse the categories below.

Sometimes in the prevention or treatment of disease, health professionals order tests which are particular to men or women. For example in the treatment of infertility, Virtus Diagnostics offers expert semen analysis for men, and a complete range of hormone tests for women. To find out more about the tests we offer for men and women, review the list below:

Female

17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP)

The 17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP) blood test is used to diagnose and manage congenital adrenal hyperplasiay. Increased level indicates 21 OHP deficiency. It may also assist in managing infertility symptoms such as hirsutism and virilism.

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SST
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Alkaline Phosphatase
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Amphetamines

This test measures the levels of Amphetamines in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH)

The Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) blood test measures the hormone secreted by cells in developing egg sacs (follicles), and is an indicator of ovarian reserve and fertility. This test is also used in the management of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) as well as when ambiguous genitalia present in children.

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APTT

The Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT) test evaluates certain coagulation factors. It is is used primarily to investigate risk of excessive bleeding and monitor heparin therapy. This is a limited hemostasis related test.

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Autoantibodies (ACCP)

The Anti-cyclic Citrullinated Peptide (ACCP) test measures the level of cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies in a blood sample. It can help diagnose rheumatoid arthritis.

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Barbituate

This test measures the levels of Barbituates in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Benzodiazephine

This test measures the levels of Benzodiazephine in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

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EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
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C-Reactive Protein
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Ca125 (Tumour Marker)

A CA-125 (cancer antigen 125) measures a protein in the blood to help diagnose ovarian cancer. Elevations are also seen in other cancers, hepatitis, pevic inflammatory disease and endometriosis. Mainly used to monitor ovarian cancer treatment.

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CA19.9

The CA 19-9 (tumour marker) test measures the level of Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 in a blood sample. This test is used to monitor response to pancreatic cancer treatment.

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Cannabis (THC)

This test measures the levels of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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CEA

The CEA test measures is used to monitor the treatment of cancer patients. An abnormal level may be a sign of cancer. It is not to be used as a screening test for malignant disease.Increased levels are seen in smokers, colorectal and breast cancers.

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Chickenpox IgG (Varicella)

A blood test to determine immunity status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. For those previously exposed or vaccinated.

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Chickenpox IgM (Varicella)

A blood test to determine active status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. Present within a week or two after exposure.

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Chlamydia lgG

A blood test to detect recent or past infection with chlamydia trachomatis, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. Refer to Chlamydia PCR test.

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Chlamydia PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Chlamydial infection, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is the method of choice for Chlamydia testing as it is the most sensitive method.

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Chloride (Cl-)
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CMV IgG

A blood test to determine whether someone has had a Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. If acquired during pregnancy may cause physical and developmental problems.

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Cocaine

This test measures the levels of Cocaine in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Creatine Kinase
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Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis carrier screening for all coding regions of the gene. This screen looks for changes in the gene (mutations). When both parents carry a mutation, they have a 1 in 4 chance of having a child affected with CF. Mutations in this gene are also associated with male infertility. The mutation carrier rate is 1 in 16.

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D-Dimer

The D-dimer test may indicate the presence of an abnormally high level of fibrin degradation products in a sample of blood. It is is used to investigate an inappropriate blood clot and diagnose conditions related to thrombosis - one of the most common being DVT (deep vein thrombosis).

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DHEAS

This is a blood test for dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), often carried out alongside other hormone tests, to investigate possible causes of infertility, amenorrhoea and hirsutism in females. Elevated levels are seen in congenital adrenal hyperplasia or adrenal tumours.

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Digoxin

This test measures the levels of Digoxin in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Direct Bilirubin
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Electrolytes

Monitor electrolytes imbalance for patients presenting cardiac, renal impairment. Increased levels are usually found in acidosis, tissue damage, renal failure and mineralocorticoid. Na, K, Cl, Co2 used in combination for electrolyte disturbances, acid base disorders.

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Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR or sed rate) is a non-specific test that can help detect inflammation associated with conditions such as infections, cancers, and autoimmune diseases. CRP is a better marker of inflammation.

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Ethyl Alcohol

This test measures the levels of alcohol in a blood sample for non-legal purposes.

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Faecal occult blood
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Faeces & Urine reducing sugars
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Faeces for parasitology
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Faeces MC & S
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Fasting Glucose

The Fasting Glucose test (also known as the Fasting Blood Sugar test) is a blood glucose test used to detect high and low blood glucose. It can detect either Hypo or Hyperglycaemia. and monitor diabetes. It is a routine examination for those at high risk of developing diabetes, or those that are overweight. It is also used to screen for gestational diabetes in pregnant women should be screened between 24 - 28 weeks using oral GTT.

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Fasting Insulin

The Fasting Insulin test is a hormone test most frequently ordered following a low glucose and/or when someone has acute or chronic symptoms of low blood glucose (Hypoglycemia).

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Fertility Panel

The Fertility Panel panel covers 11 genes that are implicated in infertility in both males and females. It includes CF and AZF, thrombophilia genes, haemochromatosis (carrier rate of 1 in 6) and FSH receptor.

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Folate (Folic Acid)

This test measures the levels of the vitamin Folate (Folic Acid) in a blood sample. It is most relevant for patients at risk of Folate deficiency such as coeliac disease and those presenting with macrocytic anaemia.

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Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

A follicle-stimulating hormone test measures the amount of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in a blood sample. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests to investigate infertility. It is also used to determine onset of menopause in women, and for men with low sperm count.

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Fragile X Screening

Large changes in this gene can lead to children affected with X-linked mental retardation. Our Fragile X screening detects females who carry a pre-mutation that places them at risk of having affected children (mainly sons) as well as a 20% risk of premature menopause.

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Free Androgen Index

The Free Androgen Index result is calculated by measuring Testosterone and the Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SvHBG) from a blood test.

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Free Thyroxine (FT4)

A Free Thyroxine (FT4) blood test helps evaluate thyroid gland function.

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FT3 (Free T3)

Measures triiodothyronine (T3) in a blood sample. It can help diagnose T3 thyrotoxicosis.

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FT4 (Free T4)

Measures thyroxine (T4) in a blood sample, and is used along with a TSH blood test. It can help monitor thyroid replacement.

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Full Blood Count (FBE)

The full blood count (FBC) is a common test that measures haemaglobin, white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. It can be used as a screen for various disorders such as anaemia and infection.

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Fungal culture
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Genital swab

A swab, taken from the vagina, penis, and/or rectum, is tested in the laboratory for thrush, bacterial vaginosis and various other bacteria as well as STIs including chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomonasis.

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Glucose Tolerance Test (50g)
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Glucose Tolerance Test (75g)
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Hba1C

The Hba1C blood test measures glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body and joins with glucose in the blood, becoming 'glycated'. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes as well as to monitor how well diabetes is being controlled. It is an indicator of the average amount of glucose over a time period (3 months).

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Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen is a blood test to detect antibodies produced in response to HBV surface antigens. It indicates acute Hepatitis B and usually requested in conjunction with LFTs. HBsAg POSITIVE needs to be confirmed by alternative methods, before it is regarded as a true positive.

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Hepatitis C Antibodies

Hepatitis C Antibodies is a blood test to detects antibodies to the virus if there has been past exposure. It does not indicate a recent exposure . A positive result has to be confirmed by another test. Hepatitis C causes damage to the liver and is contracted through exposure to blood.

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HIV Antibodies

HIV antibody testing is used to screen for and diagnose HIV infections. It detects both the HIV 1 and HIV 2 antibodies.

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HTLV Antibodies

Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is associated with certain rare diseases of T lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of white blood cell that is an important part of the body's immune system. This test detects an HTLV infection in order to help identify the virus as the underlying cause of an individual's leukemia, lymphoma, or rare nervous system disorder.

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immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgE)

An immunoglobulins test measures the level of antibodies in a blood sample, particularly antibodies IgA, IgG and IgE.

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Infectious mononucleosis (IM)

The Infectious mononucleosis (IM) / Paul Bunnell blood test is used to help determine whether a person with symptoms has infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever).

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Inhibin B

The Inhibin B blood test aids in the diagnosis of granulosa cell tumors and mucinous epithelial ovarian tumors. It is commonly used in addition to an FSH test when assessing infertility.

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Inorganic Phosphate
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INR

The international normalized ratio (INR) is based on the results of a prothrombin time test. It is used to monitor patients being treated with the anticoagulant warfarin. This is a limited hemostasis related test.

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Karyotype - Blood

This is a low level whole genome screen looking for changes in chromosome number and structure. Such changes can lead to infertility or recurrent miscarriage.

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Karyotype - Prenatal Samples (CVS or amniocentesis)

Testing of the fetus during pregnancy occurs if congenital abnormalities are detected on ultrasound, one parent is a known chromosome translocation carrier or both parents are carriers of autosomal recessive gene mutations eg cystic fibrosis. All prenatal samples under go overnight FISH studies to look for the common chromosome trisomies (this covers the same chromosomes that are screened for by non-invasive prenatal testing).

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Karyotype - Products of Conception

Approximately 60% of first trimester miscarriages are due to a change in chromosome number (aneuploidy).

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Liver Function Test (LFT)

Liver Function Test (LFT) (also referred to as a Liver Enzyme Test) is a blood tests that detect liver inflammation and damage. The panel consists of ALT, ALP, AST, Total Bilirubin, Albumin, GGT and Protein.

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Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

A luteinising hormone (LH) test measures the amount of luteinising hormone (LH) in a sample of blood. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests, such as Progesterone and Oestradiol. It can help diagnose the cause of irregular periods or aid the management of pituitary disorders. High levels are seen in primary gonadal failure. It can also to help monitor ovulation.

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Methadone

This test measures the levels of Methadone in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Microscopic urine culture & sensitivity (MSU C&S)

A microscopic study of the urine culture performed to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria in patients with suspected urinary tract infection.

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Natural Killer Cells

Testing for Natural Killer Cell Activity involves a simple blood test to measure the number and activation levels of the NK cells. NK Cell Activity testing can be considered for patients experiencing recurrent miscarriage, repeated IVF failure, or unexplained infertility.

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Neisseria Gonorrhoea PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Gonococcal infection, caused by the sexual transmitted disease, gonorrhoea. PCR methods are sensitive, quick and not affected by transport delays.

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Non Invasive Prenatal Testing

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood.

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Non Invasive Prenatal Testing + 22q

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood. This test can also be combined with a screen for 22q11.2 deletion.

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Non Invasive Prenatal Testing + 5xmicrodeletions

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood. This test can also be combined with a screen for 5 microdeletion syndromes - 22q11.2 deletion, Angelman, Cri-du-chat, 1p36 deletion, and Prader-Willi.

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Oestradiol (E2)

The Oestradiol (E2) blood test (also referred to as Estradiol) is used to detect a deficiency or excess in estrogen in a woman. It can be used to monitor ovulation induction, as well as evaluate ovarian function, such as amenorrhoea.

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Opiate

This test measures the levels of Opiate in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Phenytoin

This test measures the levels of Phenytoin in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Potassium (K+)
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Preconception Screen

Approximately 1% of babies born have a genetic disorder. On average 25 disorders are screened for by state run newborn screening programs just after birth. Our preconception panel has 552 genes covering 590 genetic disorders with significant disease severity, including those disorders covered by newborn screening. Having the preconception screen allows prospective parents to make decisions regarding reproduction, pre-implantation diagnosis or prenatal diagnosis after genetic counselling.

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Pregnancy (BHCG)

The beta hCG blood test measures the amount of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG), a hormone produced during pregnancy. It is wsed to monitor stages of pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy.

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Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) with Karyomapping

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) with Karyomapping is a highly sophisticated scientific technique to test embryos for the presence of a known, single gene (monogenic) disorder. This allows only embryos that are not affected by a specific disorder to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle, preventing the condition from being passed on to any future children. These single gene disorders can include, but aren't limited to, Huntingtons’ disease, Cystic fibrosis, Thalassaemia, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Fragile-X, and BRCA1/BRCA2 (hereditary breast/ovarian cancer).Analysis of the DNA samples provided by a couple will take approximately two to four weeks to establish whether karyomapping is appropriate, which is a faster process than any other PGD technique.

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Progesterone (PROG / P4)

The Progesterone (P4) blood test is used to measure the levels of the hormone progesterone in a woman's blood. It can be used in ovulation assessment, and in infertility and pregnancy management.

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Prolactin (PROL)

This test measure the levels of prolactin in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose infertility in men and women. It can be a cause of galactorrhoea and prolactinoma.

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PTH

The PTH test measures the level of parathyroid hormone in a blood sample.

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Rheumatoid factor

The Rheumatoid Factor test measures the level of an particular immunoglobulin M (IgM) protein in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogren's syndrome.

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Rubella lgG

The Rubella IgG test is used to detect antibodies in the blood that develop in response to a recent or past rubella infection, or indicate that a rubella vaccine has been given and is providing adequate protection.

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Semen Antibodies (SAb IgG)

A Semen Antibodies (Sab IgG) test looks for special proteins or antibodies that fight against a man's sperm and therefore can affect sperm penetration into cervical mucus.

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Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG)

The sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) blood test can be used to help evaluate men for low testosterone and women for excess testosterone production. It is usually ordered together with the Testosterone blood test.

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Syphilis (RPR)

Syphilis RPR is a non-specific screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of patients that may have Syphilis.

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Syphilis (TPPA)

Syphilis Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) is a screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of people who have a current or past infection of the disease. It requires confirmation by tests such as TPHA or FTA antibodies.

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Testosterone (TESTO)

This test measure the levels of testosterone in a blood sample. Elevated levels are seen in Hirsutism and/or virilism in females. Decreased levels are seen in males with testicular failure. It can also indicate infertility problems.

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Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

A thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) blood test is used as the initial test to diagnose thyroid dysfunction, such as Hyper and Hypo Thyroidism.

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Total Bilirubin
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Total IgE

The Total IgE test measures the level of IgE antibodies in a blood sample. It can be used to screen for allergies.

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Total Protein
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Triglycerides
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Urea

Investigation of renal function

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Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C)

The Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C) is a blood test that measures levels of urea, creatinine and electrolytes (various salts including sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate). Elevated levels can be an indication of dehydration or impaired kidney function.

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Urine analysis
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Urine Microalbumin
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Urine Total Protein
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Valproate

This test measures the levels of Valproate in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Vitamin B12

This test measures the levels of vitamin B12 in a blood sample. Used for diagnosis of anemia and monitoring of B12/Folate treatment

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Vitamin D

This test measures the levels of vitamin D in a blood sample. Used in the investigation of suspected rickets and osteomalacia, bone metabolism, mineral levels in the blood.

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Male

17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP)

The 17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP) blood test is used to diagnose and manage congenital adrenal hyperplasiay. Increased level indicates 21 OHP deficiency. It may also assist in managing infertility symptoms such as hirsutism and virilism.

Collection guide
SST
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Alkaline Phosphatase
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Amphetamines

This test measures the levels of Amphetamines in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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APTT

The Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT) test evaluates certain coagulation factors. It is is used primarily to investigate risk of excessive bleeding and monitor heparin therapy. This is a limited hemostasis related test.

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Autoantibodies (ACCP)

The Anti-cyclic Citrullinated Peptide (ACCP) test measures the level of cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies in a blood sample. It can help diagnose rheumatoid arthritis.

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AZF / DAZ

Males who have deletions of the AZF gene region of the Y chromosome have either no, or very reduced sperm production and are candidates for assisted reproduction.

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Barbituate

This test measures the levels of Barbituates in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Benzodiazephine

This test measures the levels of Benzodiazephine in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

Collection guide
EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
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C-Reactive Protein
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Ca125 (Tumour Marker)

A CA-125 (cancer antigen 125) measures a protein in the blood to help diagnose ovarian cancer. Elevations are also seen in other cancers, hepatitis, pevic inflammatory disease and endometriosis. Mainly used to monitor ovarian cancer treatment.

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CA19.9

The CA 19-9 (tumour marker) test measures the level of Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 in a blood sample. This test is used to monitor response to pancreatic cancer treatment.

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Cannabis (THC)

This test measures the levels of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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CEA

The CEA test measures is used to monitor the treatment of cancer patients. An abnormal level may be a sign of cancer. It is not to be used as a screening test for malignant disease.Increased levels are seen in smokers, colorectal and breast cancers.

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Chickenpox IgG (Varicella)

A blood test to determine immunity status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. For those previously exposed or vaccinated.

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Chickenpox IgM (Varicella)

A blood test to determine active status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. Present within a week or two after exposure.

Find a collection centre
Chlamydia lgG

A blood test to detect recent or past infection with chlamydia trachomatis, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. Refer to Chlamydia PCR test.

Find a collection centre
Chlamydia PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Chlamydial infection, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is the method of choice for Chlamydia testing as it is the most sensitive method.

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Chloride (Cl-)
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CMV IgG

A blood test to determine whether someone has had a Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. If acquired during pregnancy may cause physical and developmental problems.

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Cocaine

This test measures the levels of Cocaine in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Creatine Kinase
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Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis carrier screening for all coding regions of the gene. This screen looks for changes in the gene (mutations). When both parents carry a mutation, they have a 1 in 4 chance of having a child affected with CF. Mutations in this gene are also associated with male infertility. The mutation carrier rate is 1 in 16.

Find a collection centre
D-Dimer

The D-dimer test may indicate the presence of an abnormally high level of fibrin degradation products in a sample of blood. It is is used to investigate an inappropriate blood clot and diagnose conditions related to thrombosis - one of the most common being DVT (deep vein thrombosis).

Find a collection centre
DHEAS

This is a blood test for dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), often carried out alongside other hormone tests, to investigate possible causes of infertility, amenorrhoea and hirsutism in females. Elevated levels are seen in congenital adrenal hyperplasia or adrenal tumours.

Find a collection centre
Digoxin

This test measures the levels of Digoxin in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

Find a collection centre
Direct Bilirubin
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Electrolytes

Monitor electrolytes imbalance for patients presenting cardiac, renal impairment. Increased levels are usually found in acidosis, tissue damage, renal failure and mineralocorticoid. Na, K, Cl, Co2 used in combination for electrolyte disturbances, acid base disorders.

Find a collection centre
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR or sed rate) is a non-specific test that can help detect inflammation associated with conditions such as infections, cancers, and autoimmune diseases. CRP is a better marker of inflammation.

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Ethyl Alcohol

This test measures the levels of alcohol in a blood sample for non-legal purposes.

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Faecal occult blood
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Faeces & Urine reducing sugars
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Faeces for parasitology
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Faeces MC & S
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Fasting Glucose

The Fasting Glucose test (also known as the Fasting Blood Sugar test) is a blood glucose test used to detect high and low blood glucose. It can detect either Hypo or Hyperglycaemia. and monitor diabetes. It is a routine examination for those at high risk of developing diabetes, or those that are overweight. It is also used to screen for gestational diabetes in pregnant women should be screened between 24 - 28 weeks using oral GTT.

Find a collection centre
Fertility Panel

The Fertility Panel panel covers 11 genes that are implicated in infertility in both males and females. It includes CF and AZF, thrombophilia genes, haemochromatosis (carrier rate of 1 in 6) and FSH receptor.

More info

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Folate (Folic Acid)

This test measures the levels of the vitamin Folate (Folic Acid) in a blood sample. It is most relevant for patients at risk of Folate deficiency such as coeliac disease and those presenting with macrocytic anaemia.

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Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

A follicle-stimulating hormone test measures the amount of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in a blood sample. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests to investigate infertility. It is also used to determine onset of menopause in women, and for men with low sperm count.

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Free Androgen Index

The Free Androgen Index result is calculated by measuring Testosterone and the Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SvHBG) from a blood test.

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Free Thyroxine (FT4)

A Free Thyroxine (FT4) blood test helps evaluate thyroid gland function.

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FT3 (Free T3)

Measures triiodothyronine (T3) in a blood sample. It can help diagnose T3 thyrotoxicosis.

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FT4 (Free T4)

Measures thyroxine (T4) in a blood sample, and is used along with a TSH blood test. It can help monitor thyroid replacement.

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Full Blood Count (FBE)

The full blood count (FBC) is a common test that measures haemaglobin, white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. It can be used as a screen for various disorders such as anaemia and infection.

Find a collection centre
Fungal culture
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Genital swab

A swab, taken from the vagina, penis, and/or rectum, is tested in the laboratory for thrush, bacterial vaginosis and various other bacteria as well as STIs including chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomonasis.

Find a collection centre
Glucose Tolerance Test (50g)
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Glucose Tolerance Test (75g)
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Hba1C

The Hba1C blood test measures glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body and joins with glucose in the blood, becoming 'glycated'. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes as well as to monitor how well diabetes is being controlled. It is an indicator of the average amount of glucose over a time period (3 months).

Find a collection centre
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen is a blood test to detect antibodies produced in response to HBV surface antigens. It indicates acute Hepatitis B and usually requested in conjunction with LFTs. HBsAg POSITIVE needs to be confirmed by alternative methods, before it is regarded as a true positive.

Find a collection centre
Hepatitis C Antibodies

Hepatitis C Antibodies is a blood test to detects antibodies to the virus if there has been past exposure. It does not indicate a recent exposure . A positive result has to be confirmed by another test. Hepatitis C causes damage to the liver and is contracted through exposure to blood.

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HIV Antibodies

HIV antibody testing is used to screen for and diagnose HIV infections. It detects both the HIV 1 and HIV 2 antibodies.

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HTLV Antibodies

Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is associated with certain rare diseases of T lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of white blood cell that is an important part of the body's immune system. This test detects an HTLV infection in order to help identify the virus as the underlying cause of an individual's leukemia, lymphoma, or rare nervous system disorder.

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immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgE)

An immunoglobulins test measures the level of antibodies in a blood sample, particularly antibodies IgA, IgG and IgE.

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Infectious mononucleosis (IM)

The Infectious mononucleosis (IM) / Paul Bunnell blood test is used to help determine whether a person with symptoms has infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever).

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Inorganic Phosphate
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INR

The international normalized ratio (INR) is based on the results of a prothrombin time test. It is used to monitor patients being treated with the anticoagulant warfarin. This is a limited hemostasis related test.

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Karyotype - Blood

This is a low level whole genome screen looking for changes in chromosome number and structure. Such changes can lead to infertility or recurrent miscarriage.

More info

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Karyotype - Prenatal Samples (CVS or amniocentesis)

Testing of the fetus during pregnancy occurs if congenital abnormalities are detected on ultrasound, one parent is a known chromosome translocation carrier or both parents are carriers of autosomal recessive gene mutations eg cystic fibrosis. All prenatal samples under go overnight FISH studies to look for the common chromosome trisomies (this covers the same chromosomes that are screened for by non-invasive prenatal testing).

More info

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Liver Function Test (LFT)

Liver Function Test (LFT) (also referred to as a Liver Enzyme Test) is a blood tests that detect liver inflammation and damage. The panel consists of ALT, ALP, AST, Total Bilirubin, Albumin, GGT and Protein.

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Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

A luteinising hormone (LH) test measures the amount of luteinising hormone (LH) in a sample of blood. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests, such as Progesterone and Oestradiol. It can help diagnose the cause of irregular periods or aid the management of pituitary disorders. High levels are seen in primary gonadal failure. It can also to help monitor ovulation.

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Methadone

This test measures the levels of Methadone in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Microscopic urine culture & sensitivity (MSU C&S)

A microscopic study of the urine culture performed to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria in patients with suspected urinary tract infection.

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Neisseria Gonorrhoea PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Gonococcal infection, caused by the sexual transmitted disease, gonorrhoea. PCR methods are sensitive, quick and not affected by transport delays.

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Opiate

This test measures the levels of Opiate in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Phenytoin

This test measures the levels of Phenytoin in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Potassium (K+)
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Preconception Screen

Approximately 1% of babies born have a genetic disorder. On average 25 disorders are screened for by state run newborn screening programs just after birth. Our preconception panel has 552 genes covering 590 genetic disorders with significant disease severity, including those disorders covered by newborn screening. Having the preconception screen allows prospective parents to make decisions regarding reproduction, pre-implantation diagnosis or prenatal diagnosis after genetic counselling.

More info

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Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) with Karyomapping

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) with Karyomapping is a highly sophisticated scientific technique to test embryos for the presence of a known, single gene (monogenic) disorder. This allows only embryos that are not affected by a specific disorder to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle, preventing the condition from being passed on to any future children. These single gene disorders can include, but aren't limited to, Huntingtons’ disease, Cystic fibrosis, Thalassaemia, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Fragile-X, and BRCA1/BRCA2 (hereditary breast/ovarian cancer).Analysis of the DNA samples provided by a couple will take approximately two to four weeks to establish whether karyomapping is appropriate, which is a faster process than any other PGD technique.

More info

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Prolactin (PROL)

This test measure the levels of prolactin in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose infertility in men and women. It can be a cause of galactorrhoea and prolactinoma.

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Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Free

The Free Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test measures the levels of PSA protein in a blood sample that has not become attached is other blood proteins. The Free PSA test is used to differentiate between benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis and prostate cancer.

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Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Total

A PSA test measures the level of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. The Total PSA test is used for screening and the management of prostate cancer. See PSA (Free) test also.

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PTH

The PTH test measures the level of parathyroid hormone in a blood sample.

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Rheumatoid factor

The Rheumatoid Factor test measures the level of an particular immunoglobulin M (IgM) protein in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogren's syndrome.

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Semen Analysis

A semen analysis is the most important male infertility test, providing an accurate measurement of the number of sperm, motility (proportion of sperm that can swim) and morphology (sperm shape).

More info

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Semen Antibodies (SAb IgG)

A Semen Antibodies (Sab IgG) test looks for special proteins or antibodies that fight against a man's sperm and therefore can affect sperm penetration into cervical mucus.

More info

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Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG)

The sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) blood test can be used to help evaluate men for low testosterone and women for excess testosterone production. It is usually ordered together with the Testosterone blood test.

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Sperm DNA (SCSA)

The SCSA (sperm chromatin structure assay) test measures the stability of the chromatin and provides an estimate of the level of DNA damage in the sperm.

More info

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Sperm FISH

Sperm – FISH studies can be performed to determine the percentage of sperm that have a gain or loss of a chromosomes (elevated aneuploidy reduces the chance of conception). FISH studies are also available for males who carry translocations to determine the proportion of sperm that are chromosomally normal or balanced. This percentage is linked to the chance of conception.

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Syphilis (RPR)

Syphilis RPR is a non-specific screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of patients that may have Syphilis.

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Syphilis (TPPA)

Syphilis Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) is a screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of people who have a current or past infection of the disease. It requires confirmation by tests such as TPHA or FTA antibodies.

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Testosterone (TESTO)

This test measure the levels of testosterone in a blood sample. Elevated levels are seen in Hirsutism and/or virilism in females. Decreased levels are seen in males with testicular failure. It can also indicate infertility problems.

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Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

A thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) blood test is used as the initial test to diagnose thyroid dysfunction, such as Hyper and Hypo Thyroidism.

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Total Bilirubin
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Total IgE

The Total IgE test measures the level of IgE antibodies in a blood sample. It can be used to screen for allergies.

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Total Protein
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Triglycerides
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Urea

Investigation of renal function

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Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C)

The Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C) is a blood test that measures levels of urea, creatinine and electrolytes (various salts including sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate). Elevated levels can be an indication of dehydration or impaired kidney function.

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Urine analysis
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Urine Microalbumin
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Urine Total Protein
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Valproate

This test measures the levels of Valproate in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Vitamin B12

This test measures the levels of vitamin B12 in a blood sample. Used for diagnosis of anemia and monitoring of B12/Folate treatment

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Vitamin D

This test measures the levels of vitamin D in a blood sample. Used in the investigation of suspected rickets and osteomalacia, bone metabolism, mineral levels in the blood.

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Many of Virtus Diagnostics speciality tests are particular to a certain life stage, such as prostate specific antigens in older men, tests for fertility planning and preconception, through to those for the assessment and treatment of infertility, as well as pregnancy management. We also offer the full range of general pathology services for monitoring of good health and diagnosis of illness.

Gynaecology

17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP)

The 17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP) blood test is used to diagnose and manage congenital adrenal hyperplasiay. Increased level indicates 21 OHP deficiency. It may also assist in managing infertility symptoms such as hirsutism and virilism.

Collection guide
SST
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Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

Collection guide
EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
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Chickenpox IgG (Varicella)

A blood test to determine immunity status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. For those previously exposed or vaccinated.

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Chlamydia lgG

A blood test to detect recent or past infection with chlamydia trachomatis, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. Refer to Chlamydia PCR test.

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Chlamydia PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Chlamydial infection, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is the method of choice for Chlamydia testing as it is the most sensitive method.

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Free Androgen Index

The Free Androgen Index result is calculated by measuring Testosterone and the Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SvHBG) from a blood test.

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FT4 (Free T4)

Measures thyroxine (T4) in a blood sample, and is used along with a TSH blood test. It can help monitor thyroid replacement.

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Genital swab

A swab, taken from the vagina, penis, and/or rectum, is tested in the laboratory for thrush, bacterial vaginosis and various other bacteria as well as STIs including chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomonasis.

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Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen is a blood test to detect antibodies produced in response to HBV surface antigens. It indicates acute Hepatitis B and usually requested in conjunction with LFTs. HBsAg POSITIVE needs to be confirmed by alternative methods, before it is regarded as a true positive.

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Hepatitis C Antibodies

Hepatitis C Antibodies is a blood test to detects antibodies to the virus if there has been past exposure. It does not indicate a recent exposure . A positive result has to be confirmed by another test. Hepatitis C causes damage to the liver and is contracted through exposure to blood.

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HIV Antibodies

HIV antibody testing is used to screen for and diagnose HIV infections. It detects both the HIV 1 and HIV 2 antibodies.

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HTLV Antibodies

Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is associated with certain rare diseases of T lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of white blood cell that is an important part of the body's immune system. This test detects an HTLV infection in order to help identify the virus as the underlying cause of an individual's leukemia, lymphoma, or rare nervous system disorder.

Find a collection centre
Microscopic urine culture & sensitivity (MSU C&S)

A microscopic study of the urine culture performed to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria in patients with suspected urinary tract infection.

Find a collection centre
Neisseria Gonorrhoea PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Gonococcal infection, caused by the sexual transmitted disease, gonorrhoea. PCR methods are sensitive, quick and not affected by transport delays.

Find a collection centre
Oestradiol (E2)

The Oestradiol (E2) blood test (also referred to as Estradiol) is used to detect a deficiency or excess in estrogen in a woman. It can be used to monitor ovulation induction, as well as evaluate ovarian function, such as amenorrhoea.

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Progesterone (PROG / P4)

The Progesterone (P4) blood test is used to measure the levels of the hormone progesterone in a woman's blood. It can be used in ovulation assessment, and in infertility and pregnancy management.

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Prolactin (PROL)

This test measure the levels of prolactin in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose infertility in men and women. It can be a cause of galactorrhoea and prolactinoma.

Find a collection centre
Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG)

The sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) blood test can be used to help evaluate men for low testosterone and women for excess testosterone production. It is usually ordered together with the Testosterone blood test.

Find a collection centre
Syphilis (RPR)

Syphilis RPR is a non-specific screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of patients that may have Syphilis.

Find a collection centre
Syphilis (TPPA)

Syphilis Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) is a screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of people who have a current or past infection of the disease. It requires confirmation by tests such as TPHA or FTA antibodies.

Find a collection centre
Testosterone (TESTO)

This test measure the levels of testosterone in a blood sample. Elevated levels are seen in Hirsutism and/or virilism in females. Decreased levels are seen in males with testicular failure. It can also indicate infertility problems.

Find a collection centre
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

A thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) blood test is used as the initial test to diagnose thyroid dysfunction, such as Hyper and Hypo Thyroidism.

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Urine analysis
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Fertility Planning

Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH)

The Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) blood test measures the hormone secreted by cells in developing egg sacs (follicles), and is an indicator of ovarian reserve and fertility. This test is also used in the management of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) as well as when ambiguous genitalia present in children.

More info

Find a collection centre
Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

Collection guide
EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
Find a collection centre
Chickenpox IgG (Varicella)

A blood test to determine immunity status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. For those previously exposed or vaccinated.

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Chickenpox IgM (Varicella)

A blood test to determine active status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. Present within a week or two after exposure.

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Chlamydia lgG

A blood test to detect recent or past infection with chlamydia trachomatis, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. Refer to Chlamydia PCR test.

Find a collection centre
Chlamydia PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Chlamydial infection, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is the method of choice for Chlamydia testing as it is the most sensitive method.

Find a collection centre
CMV IgG

A blood test to determine whether someone has had a Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. If acquired during pregnancy may cause physical and developmental problems.

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Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis carrier screening for all coding regions of the gene. This screen looks for changes in the gene (mutations). When both parents carry a mutation, they have a 1 in 4 chance of having a child affected with CF. Mutations in this gene are also associated with male infertility. The mutation carrier rate is 1 in 16.

Find a collection centre
Fertility Panel

The Fertility Panel panel covers 11 genes that are implicated in infertility in both males and females. It includes CF and AZF, thrombophilia genes, haemochromatosis (carrier rate of 1 in 6) and FSH receptor.

More info

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Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

A follicle-stimulating hormone test measures the amount of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in a blood sample. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests to investigate infertility. It is also used to determine onset of menopause in women, and for men with low sperm count.

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Free Androgen Index

The Free Androgen Index result is calculated by measuring Testosterone and the Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SvHBG) from a blood test.

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FT4 (Free T4)

Measures thyroxine (T4) in a blood sample, and is used along with a TSH blood test. It can help monitor thyroid replacement.

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Genital swab

A swab, taken from the vagina, penis, and/or rectum, is tested in the laboratory for thrush, bacterial vaginosis and various other bacteria as well as STIs including chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomonasis.

Find a collection centre
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen is a blood test to detect antibodies produced in response to HBV surface antigens. It indicates acute Hepatitis B and usually requested in conjunction with LFTs. HBsAg POSITIVE needs to be confirmed by alternative methods, before it is regarded as a true positive.

Find a collection centre
Hepatitis C Antibodies

Hepatitis C Antibodies is a blood test to detects antibodies to the virus if there has been past exposure. It does not indicate a recent exposure . A positive result has to be confirmed by another test. Hepatitis C causes damage to the liver and is contracted through exposure to blood.

Find a collection centre
HIV Antibodies

HIV antibody testing is used to screen for and diagnose HIV infections. It detects both the HIV 1 and HIV 2 antibodies.

Find a collection centre
HTLV Antibodies

Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is associated with certain rare diseases of T lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of white blood cell that is an important part of the body's immune system. This test detects an HTLV infection in order to help identify the virus as the underlying cause of an individual's leukemia, lymphoma, or rare nervous system disorder.

Find a collection centre
Karyotype - Blood

This is a low level whole genome screen looking for changes in chromosome number and structure. Such changes can lead to infertility or recurrent miscarriage.

More info

Find a collection centre
Karyotype - Products of Conception

Approximately 60% of first trimester miscarriages are due to a change in chromosome number (aneuploidy).

More info

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Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

A luteinising hormone (LH) test measures the amount of luteinising hormone (LH) in a sample of blood. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests, such as Progesterone and Oestradiol. It can help diagnose the cause of irregular periods or aid the management of pituitary disorders. High levels are seen in primary gonadal failure. It can also to help monitor ovulation.

Find a collection centre
Natural Killer Cells

Testing for Natural Killer Cell Activity involves a simple blood test to measure the number and activation levels of the NK cells. NK Cell Activity testing can be considered for patients experiencing recurrent miscarriage, repeated IVF failure, or unexplained infertility.

More info

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Neisseria Gonorrhoea PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Gonococcal infection, caused by the sexual transmitted disease, gonorrhoea. PCR methods are sensitive, quick and not affected by transport delays.

Find a collection centre
Oestradiol (E2)

The Oestradiol (E2) blood test (also referred to as Estradiol) is used to detect a deficiency or excess in estrogen in a woman. It can be used to monitor ovulation induction, as well as evaluate ovarian function, such as amenorrhoea.

Find a collection centre
Progesterone (PROG / P4)

The Progesterone (P4) blood test is used to measure the levels of the hormone progesterone in a woman's blood. It can be used in ovulation assessment, and in infertility and pregnancy management.

Find a collection centre
Prolactin (PROL)

This test measure the levels of prolactin in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose infertility in men and women. It can be a cause of galactorrhoea and prolactinoma.

Find a collection centre
Rubella lgG

The Rubella IgG test is used to detect antibodies in the blood that develop in response to a recent or past rubella infection, or indicate that a rubella vaccine has been given and is providing adequate protection.

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Semen Analysis

A semen analysis is the most important male infertility test, providing an accurate measurement of the number of sperm, motility (proportion of sperm that can swim) and morphology (sperm shape).

More info

Find a collection centre
Syphilis (RPR)

Syphilis RPR is a non-specific screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of patients that may have Syphilis.

Find a collection centre
Syphilis (TPPA)

Syphilis Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) is a screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of people who have a current or past infection of the disease. It requires confirmation by tests such as TPHA or FTA antibodies.

Find a collection centre
Vitamin D

This test measures the levels of vitamin D in a blood sample. Used in the investigation of suspected rickets and osteomalacia, bone metabolism, mineral levels in the blood.

Find a collection centre

Preconception

17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP)

The 17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP) blood test is used to diagnose and manage congenital adrenal hyperplasiay. Increased level indicates 21 OHP deficiency. It may also assist in managing infertility symptoms such as hirsutism and virilism.

Collection guide
SST
Find a collection centre
Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH)

The Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) blood test measures the hormone secreted by cells in developing egg sacs (follicles), and is an indicator of ovarian reserve and fertility. This test is also used in the management of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) as well as when ambiguous genitalia present in children.

More info

Find a collection centre
Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

Collection guide
EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
Find a collection centre
Chickenpox IgG (Varicella)

A blood test to determine immunity status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. For those previously exposed or vaccinated.

Find a collection centre
Chickenpox IgM (Varicella)

A blood test to determine active status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. Present within a week or two after exposure.

Find a collection centre
Chlamydia lgG

A blood test to detect recent or past infection with chlamydia trachomatis, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. Refer to Chlamydia PCR test.

Find a collection centre
Chlamydia PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Chlamydial infection, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is the method of choice for Chlamydia testing as it is the most sensitive method.

Find a collection centre
CMV IgG

A blood test to determine whether someone has had a Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. If acquired during pregnancy may cause physical and developmental problems.

Find a collection centre
Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis carrier screening for all coding regions of the gene. This screen looks for changes in the gene (mutations). When both parents carry a mutation, they have a 1 in 4 chance of having a child affected with CF. Mutations in this gene are also associated with male infertility. The mutation carrier rate is 1 in 16.

Find a collection centre
Fertility Panel

The Fertility Panel panel covers 11 genes that are implicated in infertility in both males and females. It includes CF and AZF, thrombophilia genes, haemochromatosis (carrier rate of 1 in 6) and FSH receptor.

More info

Find a collection centre
Folate (Folic Acid)

This test measures the levels of the vitamin Folate (Folic Acid) in a blood sample. It is most relevant for patients at risk of Folate deficiency such as coeliac disease and those presenting with macrocytic anaemia.

Find a collection centre
Genital swab

A swab, taken from the vagina, penis, and/or rectum, is tested in the laboratory for thrush, bacterial vaginosis and various other bacteria as well as STIs including chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomonasis.

Find a collection centre
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen is a blood test to detect antibodies produced in response to HBV surface antigens. It indicates acute Hepatitis B and usually requested in conjunction with LFTs. HBsAg POSITIVE needs to be confirmed by alternative methods, before it is regarded as a true positive.

Find a collection centre
Hepatitis C Antibodies

Hepatitis C Antibodies is a blood test to detects antibodies to the virus if there has been past exposure. It does not indicate a recent exposure . A positive result has to be confirmed by another test. Hepatitis C causes damage to the liver and is contracted through exposure to blood.

Find a collection centre
HIV Antibodies

HIV antibody testing is used to screen for and diagnose HIV infections. It detects both the HIV 1 and HIV 2 antibodies.

Find a collection centre
HTLV Antibodies

Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is associated with certain rare diseases of T lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of white blood cell that is an important part of the body's immune system. This test detects an HTLV infection in order to help identify the virus as the underlying cause of an individual's leukemia, lymphoma, or rare nervous system disorder.

Find a collection centre
Karyotype - Blood

This is a low level whole genome screen looking for changes in chromosome number and structure. Such changes can lead to infertility or recurrent miscarriage.

More info

Find a collection centre
Neisseria Gonorrhoea PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Gonococcal infection, caused by the sexual transmitted disease, gonorrhoea. PCR methods are sensitive, quick and not affected by transport delays.

Find a collection centre
Preconception Screen

Approximately 1% of babies born have a genetic disorder. On average 25 disorders are screened for by state run newborn screening programs just after birth. Our preconception panel has 552 genes covering 590 genetic disorders with significant disease severity, including those disorders covered by newborn screening. Having the preconception screen allows prospective parents to make decisions regarding reproduction, pre-implantation diagnosis or prenatal diagnosis after genetic counselling.

More info

Find a collection centre
Rubella lgG

The Rubella IgG test is used to detect antibodies in the blood that develop in response to a recent or past rubella infection, or indicate that a rubella vaccine has been given and is providing adequate protection.

Find a collection centre
Syphilis (RPR)

Syphilis RPR is a non-specific screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of patients that may have Syphilis.

Find a collection centre
Syphilis (TPPA)

Syphilis Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) is a screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of people who have a current or past infection of the disease. It requires confirmation by tests such as TPHA or FTA antibodies.

Find a collection centre
Vitamin B12

This test measures the levels of vitamin B12 in a blood sample. Used for diagnosis of anemia and monitoring of B12/Folate treatment

Find a collection centre
Vitamin D

This test measures the levels of vitamin D in a blood sample. Used in the investigation of suspected rickets and osteomalacia, bone metabolism, mineral levels in the blood.

Find a collection centre

Fertility Treatment

17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP)

The 17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP) blood test is used to diagnose and manage congenital adrenal hyperplasiay. Increased level indicates 21 OHP deficiency. It may also assist in managing infertility symptoms such as hirsutism and virilism.

Collection guide
SST
Find a collection centre
Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH)

The Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) blood test measures the hormone secreted by cells in developing egg sacs (follicles), and is an indicator of ovarian reserve and fertility. This test is also used in the management of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) as well as when ambiguous genitalia present in children.

More info

Find a collection centre
AZF / DAZ

Males who have deletions of the AZF gene region of the Y chromosome have either no, or very reduced sperm production and are candidates for assisted reproduction.

Find a collection centre
Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

Collection guide
EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
Find a collection centre
Chickenpox IgG (Varicella)

A blood test to determine immunity status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. For those previously exposed or vaccinated.

Find a collection centre
Chickenpox IgM (Varicella)

A blood test to determine active status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. Present within a week or two after exposure.

Find a collection centre
Chlamydia lgG

A blood test to detect recent or past infection with chlamydia trachomatis, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. Refer to Chlamydia PCR test.

Find a collection centre
Chlamydia PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Chlamydial infection, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is the method of choice for Chlamydia testing as it is the most sensitive method.

Find a collection centre
CMV IgG

A blood test to determine whether someone has had a Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. If acquired during pregnancy may cause physical and developmental problems.

Find a collection centre
Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis carrier screening for all coding regions of the gene. This screen looks for changes in the gene (mutations). When both parents carry a mutation, they have a 1 in 4 chance of having a child affected with CF. Mutations in this gene are also associated with male infertility. The mutation carrier rate is 1 in 16.

Find a collection centre
DHEAS

This is a blood test for dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), often carried out alongside other hormone tests, to investigate possible causes of infertility, amenorrhoea and hirsutism in females. Elevated levels are seen in congenital adrenal hyperplasia or adrenal tumours.

Find a collection centre
Fertility Panel

The Fertility Panel panel covers 11 genes that are implicated in infertility in both males and females. It includes CF and AZF, thrombophilia genes, haemochromatosis (carrier rate of 1 in 6) and FSH receptor.

More info

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Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

A follicle-stimulating hormone test measures the amount of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in a blood sample. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests to investigate infertility. It is also used to determine onset of menopause in women, and for men with low sperm count.

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Fragile X Screening

Large changes in this gene can lead to children affected with X-linked mental retardation. Our Fragile X screening detects females who carry a pre-mutation that places them at risk of having affected children (mainly sons) as well as a 20% risk of premature menopause.

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Free Androgen Index

The Free Androgen Index result is calculated by measuring Testosterone and the Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SvHBG) from a blood test.

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FT4 (Free T4)

Measures thyroxine (T4) in a blood sample, and is used along with a TSH blood test. It can help monitor thyroid replacement.

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Genital swab

A swab, taken from the vagina, penis, and/or rectum, is tested in the laboratory for thrush, bacterial vaginosis and various other bacteria as well as STIs including chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomonasis.

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Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen is a blood test to detect antibodies produced in response to HBV surface antigens. It indicates acute Hepatitis B and usually requested in conjunction with LFTs. HBsAg POSITIVE needs to be confirmed by alternative methods, before it is regarded as a true positive.

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Hepatitis C Antibodies

Hepatitis C Antibodies is a blood test to detects antibodies to the virus if there has been past exposure. It does not indicate a recent exposure . A positive result has to be confirmed by another test. Hepatitis C causes damage to the liver and is contracted through exposure to blood.

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HIV Antibodies

HIV antibody testing is used to screen for and diagnose HIV infections. It detects both the HIV 1 and HIV 2 antibodies.

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HTLV Antibodies

Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is associated with certain rare diseases of T lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of white blood cell that is an important part of the body's immune system. This test detects an HTLV infection in order to help identify the virus as the underlying cause of an individual's leukemia, lymphoma, or rare nervous system disorder.

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Inhibin B

The Inhibin B blood test aids in the diagnosis of granulosa cell tumors and mucinous epithelial ovarian tumors. It is commonly used in addition to an FSH test when assessing infertility.

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Karyotype - Blood

This is a low level whole genome screen looking for changes in chromosome number and structure. Such changes can lead to infertility or recurrent miscarriage.

More info

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Karyotype - Prenatal Samples (CVS or amniocentesis)

Testing of the fetus during pregnancy occurs if congenital abnormalities are detected on ultrasound, one parent is a known chromosome translocation carrier or both parents are carriers of autosomal recessive gene mutations eg cystic fibrosis. All prenatal samples under go overnight FISH studies to look for the common chromosome trisomies (this covers the same chromosomes that are screened for by non-invasive prenatal testing).

More info

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Liver Function Test (LFT)

Liver Function Test (LFT) (also referred to as a Liver Enzyme Test) is a blood tests that detect liver inflammation and damage. The panel consists of ALT, ALP, AST, Total Bilirubin, Albumin, GGT and Protein.

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Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

A luteinising hormone (LH) test measures the amount of luteinising hormone (LH) in a sample of blood. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests, such as Progesterone and Oestradiol. It can help diagnose the cause of irregular periods or aid the management of pituitary disorders. High levels are seen in primary gonadal failure. It can also to help monitor ovulation.

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Natural Killer Cells

Testing for Natural Killer Cell Activity involves a simple blood test to measure the number and activation levels of the NK cells. NK Cell Activity testing can be considered for patients experiencing recurrent miscarriage, repeated IVF failure, or unexplained infertility.

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Neisseria Gonorrhoea PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Gonococcal infection, caused by the sexual transmitted disease, gonorrhoea. PCR methods are sensitive, quick and not affected by transport delays.

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Oestradiol (E2)

The Oestradiol (E2) blood test (also referred to as Estradiol) is used to detect a deficiency or excess in estrogen in a woman. It can be used to monitor ovulation induction, as well as evaluate ovarian function, such as amenorrhoea.

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Pregnancy (BHCG)

The beta hCG blood test measures the amount of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG), a hormone produced during pregnancy. It is wsed to monitor stages of pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy.

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Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) with Karyomapping

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) with Karyomapping is a highly sophisticated scientific technique to test embryos for the presence of a known, single gene (monogenic) disorder. This allows only embryos that are not affected by a specific disorder to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle, preventing the condition from being passed on to any future children. These single gene disorders can include, but aren't limited to, Huntingtons’ disease, Cystic fibrosis, Thalassaemia, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Fragile-X, and BRCA1/BRCA2 (hereditary breast/ovarian cancer).Analysis of the DNA samples provided by a couple will take approximately two to four weeks to establish whether karyomapping is appropriate, which is a faster process than any other PGD technique.

More info

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Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) with PCR

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) using multiplex PCR methodology is a sophisticated scientific technique to test embryos for the presence of a known, single gene (monogenic) disorder. This allows only embryos that are not affected by a specific disorder to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle, preventing the condition from being passed on to any future children.

More info

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Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS) with Array CGH

Pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS) with 24Sure Array CGH technology screens all 24 chromosomes in a developing embryo, enabling our scientists to select only embryos with a normal chromosome profile to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle. Recent scientific research has confirmed that this technique of selectively implanting chromosomally normal embryos significantly increases the pregnancy rate in IVF cycles, and therefore this technique is increasingly used in the case of repeated unsuccessful IVF cycles or recurrent miscarriage.

More info

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Progesterone (PROG / P4)

The Progesterone (P4) blood test is used to measure the levels of the hormone progesterone in a woman's blood. It can be used in ovulation assessment, and in infertility and pregnancy management.

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Prolactin (PROL)

This test measure the levels of prolactin in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose infertility in men and women. It can be a cause of galactorrhoea and prolactinoma.

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PTH

The PTH test measures the level of parathyroid hormone in a blood sample.

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Rubella lgG

The Rubella IgG test is used to detect antibodies in the blood that develop in response to a recent or past rubella infection, or indicate that a rubella vaccine has been given and is providing adequate protection.

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Semen Analysis

A semen analysis is the most important male infertility test, providing an accurate measurement of the number of sperm, motility (proportion of sperm that can swim) and morphology (sperm shape).

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Semen Antibodies (SAb IgG)

A Semen Antibodies (Sab IgG) test looks for special proteins or antibodies that fight against a man's sperm and therefore can affect sperm penetration into cervical mucus.

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Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG)

The sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) blood test can be used to help evaluate men for low testosterone and women for excess testosterone production. It is usually ordered together with the Testosterone blood test.

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Sperm DNA (SCSA)

The SCSA (sperm chromatin structure assay) test measures the stability of the chromatin and provides an estimate of the level of DNA damage in the sperm.

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Sperm FISH

Sperm – FISH studies can be performed to determine the percentage of sperm that have a gain or loss of a chromosomes (elevated aneuploidy reduces the chance of conception). FISH studies are also available for males who carry translocations to determine the proportion of sperm that are chromosomally normal or balanced. This percentage is linked to the chance of conception.

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Syphilis (RPR)

Syphilis RPR is a non-specific screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of patients that may have Syphilis.

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Syphilis (TPPA)

Syphilis Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) is a screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of people who have a current or past infection of the disease. It requires confirmation by tests such as TPHA or FTA antibodies.

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Testosterone (TESTO)

This test measure the levels of testosterone in a blood sample. Elevated levels are seen in Hirsutism and/or virilism in females. Decreased levels are seen in males with testicular failure. It can also indicate infertility problems.

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Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

A thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) blood test is used as the initial test to diagnose thyroid dysfunction, such as Hyper and Hypo Thyroidism.

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Urea

Investigation of renal function

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Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C)

The Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C) is a blood test that measures levels of urea, creatinine and electrolytes (various salts including sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate). Elevated levels can be an indication of dehydration or impaired kidney function.

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Vitamin D

This test measures the levels of vitamin D in a blood sample. Used in the investigation of suspected rickets and osteomalacia, bone metabolism, mineral levels in the blood.

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Pregnancy

Chickenpox IgG (Varicella)

A blood test to determine immunity status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. For those previously exposed or vaccinated.

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Fasting Glucose

The Fasting Glucose test (also known as the Fasting Blood Sugar test) is a blood glucose test used to detect high and low blood glucose. It can detect either Hypo or Hyperglycaemia. and monitor diabetes. It is a routine examination for those at high risk of developing diabetes, or those that are overweight. It is also used to screen for gestational diabetes in pregnant women should be screened between 24 - 28 weeks using oral GTT.

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Fasting Insulin

The Fasting Insulin test is a hormone test most frequently ordered following a low glucose and/or when someone has acute or chronic symptoms of low blood glucose (Hypoglycemia).

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Folate (Folic Acid)

This test measures the levels of the vitamin Folate (Folic Acid) in a blood sample. It is most relevant for patients at risk of Folate deficiency such as coeliac disease and those presenting with macrocytic anaemia.

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Hba1C

The Hba1C blood test measures glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body and joins with glucose in the blood, becoming 'glycated'. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes as well as to monitor how well diabetes is being controlled. It is an indicator of the average amount of glucose over a time period (3 months).

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Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen is a blood test to detect antibodies produced in response to HBV surface antigens. It indicates acute Hepatitis B and usually requested in conjunction with LFTs. HBsAg POSITIVE needs to be confirmed by alternative methods, before it is regarded as a true positive.

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Hepatitis C Antibodies

Hepatitis C Antibodies is a blood test to detects antibodies to the virus if there has been past exposure. It does not indicate a recent exposure . A positive result has to be confirmed by another test. Hepatitis C causes damage to the liver and is contracted through exposure to blood.

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HIV Antibodies

HIV antibody testing is used to screen for and diagnose HIV infections. It detects both the HIV 1 and HIV 2 antibodies.

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HTLV Antibodies

Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is associated with certain rare diseases of T lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of white blood cell that is an important part of the body's immune system. This test detects an HTLV infection in order to help identify the virus as the underlying cause of an individual's leukemia, lymphoma, or rare nervous system disorder.

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Inhibin B

The Inhibin B blood test aids in the diagnosis of granulosa cell tumors and mucinous epithelial ovarian tumors. It is commonly used in addition to an FSH test when assessing infertility.

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Iron Studies

This set of tests measures the body's iron stores. It is requested when anemia or iron excess is suspected. Ferritin is usually preferred for iron deficiency.

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Karyotype - Prenatal Samples (CVS or amniocentesis)

Testing of the fetus during pregnancy occurs if congenital abnormalities are detected on ultrasound, one parent is a known chromosome translocation carrier or both parents are carriers of autosomal recessive gene mutations eg cystic fibrosis. All prenatal samples under go overnight FISH studies to look for the common chromosome trisomies (this covers the same chromosomes that are screened for by non-invasive prenatal testing).

More info

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Karyotype - Products of Conception

Approximately 60% of first trimester miscarriages are due to a change in chromosome number (aneuploidy).

More info

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Microscopic urine culture & sensitivity (MSU C&S)

A microscopic study of the urine culture performed to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria in patients with suspected urinary tract infection.

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Non Invasive Prenatal Testing

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood.

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Non Invasive Prenatal Testing + 22q

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood. This test can also be combined with a screen for 22q11.2 deletion.

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Non Invasive Prenatal Testing + 5xmicrodeletions

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood. This test can also be combined with a screen for 5 microdeletion syndromes - 22q11.2 deletion, Angelman, Cri-du-chat, 1p36 deletion, and Prader-Willi.

More info

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Oestradiol (E2)

The Oestradiol (E2) blood test (also referred to as Estradiol) is used to detect a deficiency or excess in estrogen in a woman. It can be used to monitor ovulation induction, as well as evaluate ovarian function, such as amenorrhoea.

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Pregnancy (BHCG)

The beta hCG blood test measures the amount of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG), a hormone produced during pregnancy. It is wsed to monitor stages of pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy.

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Progesterone (PROG / P4)

The Progesterone (P4) blood test is used to measure the levels of the hormone progesterone in a woman's blood. It can be used in ovulation assessment, and in infertility and pregnancy management.

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Vitamin B12

This test measures the levels of vitamin B12 in a blood sample. Used for diagnosis of anemia and monitoring of B12/Folate treatment

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Genetics

Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis carrier screening for all coding regions of the gene. This screen looks for changes in the gene (mutations). When both parents carry a mutation, they have a 1 in 4 chance of having a child affected with CF. Mutations in this gene are also associated with male infertility. The mutation carrier rate is 1 in 16.

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Fertility Panel

The Fertility Panel panel covers 11 genes that are implicated in infertility in both males and females. It includes CF and AZF, thrombophilia genes, haemochromatosis (carrier rate of 1 in 6) and FSH receptor.

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Fragile X Screening

Large changes in this gene can lead to children affected with X-linked mental retardation. Our Fragile X screening detects females who carry a pre-mutation that places them at risk of having affected children (mainly sons) as well as a 20% risk of premature menopause.

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Karyotype - Blood

This is a low level whole genome screen looking for changes in chromosome number and structure. Such changes can lead to infertility or recurrent miscarriage.

More info

Find a collection centre
Non Invasive Prenatal Testing

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood.

More info

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Non Invasive Prenatal Testing + 22q

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood. This test can also be combined with a screen for 22q11.2 deletion.

More info

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Non Invasive Prenatal Testing + 5xmicrodeletions

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood. This test can also be combined with a screen for 5 microdeletion syndromes - 22q11.2 deletion, Angelman, Cri-du-chat, 1p36 deletion, and Prader-Willi.

More info

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Preconception Screen

Approximately 1% of babies born have a genetic disorder. On average 25 disorders are screened for by state run newborn screening programs just after birth. Our preconception panel has 552 genes covering 590 genetic disorders with significant disease severity, including those disorders covered by newborn screening. Having the preconception screen allows prospective parents to make decisions regarding reproduction, pre-implantation diagnosis or prenatal diagnosis after genetic counselling.

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Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) with Karyomapping

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) with Karyomapping is a highly sophisticated scientific technique to test embryos for the presence of a known, single gene (monogenic) disorder. This allows only embryos that are not affected by a specific disorder to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle, preventing the condition from being passed on to any future children. These single gene disorders can include, but aren't limited to, Huntingtons’ disease, Cystic fibrosis, Thalassaemia, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Fragile-X, and BRCA1/BRCA2 (hereditary breast/ovarian cancer).Analysis of the DNA samples provided by a couple will take approximately two to four weeks to establish whether karyomapping is appropriate, which is a faster process than any other PGD technique.

More info

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Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) with PCR

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) using multiplex PCR methodology is a sophisticated scientific technique to test embryos for the presence of a known, single gene (monogenic) disorder. This allows only embryos that are not affected by a specific disorder to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle, preventing the condition from being passed on to any future children.

More info

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Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS) with Array CGH

Pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS) with 24Sure Array CGH technology screens all 24 chromosomes in a developing embryo, enabling our scientists to select only embryos with a normal chromosome profile to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle. Recent scientific research has confirmed that this technique of selectively implanting chromosomally normal embryos significantly increases the pregnancy rate in IVF cycles, and therefore this technique is increasingly used in the case of repeated unsuccessful IVF cycles or recurrent miscarriage.

More info

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Geriatrics

Alkaline Phosphatase
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Amphetamines

This test measures the levels of Amphetamines in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Autoantibodies (ACCP)

The Anti-cyclic Citrullinated Peptide (ACCP) test measures the level of cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies in a blood sample. It can help diagnose rheumatoid arthritis.

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AZF / DAZ

Males who have deletions of the AZF gene region of the Y chromosome have either no, or very reduced sperm production and are candidates for assisted reproduction.

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Barbituate

This test measures the levels of Barbituates in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Benzodiazephine

This test measures the levels of Benzodiazephine in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

Collection guide
EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
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C-Reactive Protein
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Chickenpox IgG (Varicella)

A blood test to determine immunity status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. For those previously exposed or vaccinated.

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Chickenpox IgM (Varicella)

A blood test to determine active status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. Present within a week or two after exposure.

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Chlamydia lgG

A blood test to detect recent or past infection with chlamydia trachomatis, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. Refer to Chlamydia PCR test.

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Chlamydia PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Chlamydial infection, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is the method of choice for Chlamydia testing as it is the most sensitive method.

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Chloride (Cl-)
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CMV IgG

A blood test to determine whether someone has had a Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. If acquired during pregnancy may cause physical and developmental problems.

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Creatine Kinase
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D-Dimer

The D-dimer test may indicate the presence of an abnormally high level of fibrin degradation products in a sample of blood. It is is used to investigate an inappropriate blood clot and diagnose conditions related to thrombosis - one of the most common being DVT (deep vein thrombosis).

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Digoxin

This test measures the levels of Digoxin in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Direct Bilirubin
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Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR or sed rate) is a non-specific test that can help detect inflammation associated with conditions such as infections, cancers, and autoimmune diseases. CRP is a better marker of inflammation.

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Faecal occult blood
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Faeces & Urine reducing sugars
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Faeces for parasitology
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Faeces MC & S
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Fasting Glucose

The Fasting Glucose test (also known as the Fasting Blood Sugar test) is a blood glucose test used to detect high and low blood glucose. It can detect either Hypo or Hyperglycaemia. and monitor diabetes. It is a routine examination for those at high risk of developing diabetes, or those that are overweight. It is also used to screen for gestational diabetes in pregnant women should be screened between 24 - 28 weeks using oral GTT.

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Fasting Insulin

The Fasting Insulin test is a hormone test most frequently ordered following a low glucose and/or when someone has acute or chronic symptoms of low blood glucose (Hypoglycemia).

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Folate (Folic Acid)

This test measures the levels of the vitamin Folate (Folic Acid) in a blood sample. It is most relevant for patients at risk of Folate deficiency such as coeliac disease and those presenting with macrocytic anaemia.

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Free Androgen Index

The Free Androgen Index result is calculated by measuring Testosterone and the Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SvHBG) from a blood test.

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FT3 (Free T3)

Measures triiodothyronine (T3) in a blood sample. It can help diagnose T3 thyrotoxicosis.

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FT4 (Free T4)

Measures thyroxine (T4) in a blood sample, and is used along with a TSH blood test. It can help monitor thyroid replacement.

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Full Blood Count (FBE)

The full blood count (FBC) is a common test that measures haemaglobin, white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. It can be used as a screen for various disorders such as anaemia and infection.

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Fungal culture
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Genital swab

A swab, taken from the vagina, penis, and/or rectum, is tested in the laboratory for thrush, bacterial vaginosis and various other bacteria as well as STIs including chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomonasis.

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Glucose Tolerance Test (50g)
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Glucose Tolerance Test (75g)
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Hba1C

The Hba1C blood test measures glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body and joins with glucose in the blood, becoming 'glycated'. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes as well as to monitor how well diabetes is being controlled. It is an indicator of the average amount of glucose over a time period (3 months).

Find a collection centre
HTLV Antibodies

Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is associated with certain rare diseases of T lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of white blood cell that is an important part of the body's immune system. This test detects an HTLV infection in order to help identify the virus as the underlying cause of an individual's leukemia, lymphoma, or rare nervous system disorder.

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immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgE)

An immunoglobulins test measures the level of antibodies in a blood sample, particularly antibodies IgA, IgG and IgE.

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Infectious mononucleosis (IM)

The Infectious mononucleosis (IM) / Paul Bunnell blood test is used to help determine whether a person with symptoms has infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever).

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Inhibin B

The Inhibin B blood test aids in the diagnosis of granulosa cell tumors and mucinous epithelial ovarian tumors. It is commonly used in addition to an FSH test when assessing infertility.

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Inorganic Phosphate
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Iron Studies

This set of tests measures the body's iron stores. It is requested when anemia or iron excess is suspected. Ferritin is usually preferred for iron deficiency.

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Liver Function Test (LFT)

Liver Function Test (LFT) (also referred to as a Liver Enzyme Test) is a blood tests that detect liver inflammation and damage. The panel consists of ALT, ALP, AST, Total Bilirubin, Albumin, GGT and Protein.

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Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

A luteinising hormone (LH) test measures the amount of luteinising hormone (LH) in a sample of blood. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests, such as Progesterone and Oestradiol. It can help diagnose the cause of irregular periods or aid the management of pituitary disorders. High levels are seen in primary gonadal failure. It can also to help monitor ovulation.

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Microscopic urine culture & sensitivity (MSU C&S)

A microscopic study of the urine culture performed to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria in patients with suspected urinary tract infection.

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Neisseria Gonorrhoea PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Gonococcal infection, caused by the sexual transmitted disease, gonorrhoea. PCR methods are sensitive, quick and not affected by transport delays.

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Oestradiol (E2)

The Oestradiol (E2) blood test (also referred to as Estradiol) is used to detect a deficiency or excess in estrogen in a woman. It can be used to monitor ovulation induction, as well as evaluate ovarian function, such as amenorrhoea.

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Phenytoin

This test measures the levels of Phenytoin in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Potassium (K+)
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Prolactin (PROL)

This test measure the levels of prolactin in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose infertility in men and women. It can be a cause of galactorrhoea and prolactinoma.

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Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Free

The Free Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test measures the levels of PSA protein in a blood sample that has not become attached is other blood proteins. The Free PSA test is used to differentiate between benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis and prostate cancer.

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Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Total

A PSA test measures the level of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. The Total PSA test is used for screening and the management of prostate cancer. See PSA (Free) test also.

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PTH

The PTH test measures the level of parathyroid hormone in a blood sample.

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Rheumatoid factor

The Rheumatoid Factor test measures the level of an particular immunoglobulin M (IgM) protein in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogren's syndrome.

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Rubella lgG

The Rubella IgG test is used to detect antibodies in the blood that develop in response to a recent or past rubella infection, or indicate that a rubella vaccine has been given and is providing adequate protection.

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Semen Antibodies (SAb IgG)

A Semen Antibodies (Sab IgG) test looks for special proteins or antibodies that fight against a man's sperm and therefore can affect sperm penetration into cervical mucus.

More info

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Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG)

The sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) blood test can be used to help evaluate men for low testosterone and women for excess testosterone production. It is usually ordered together with the Testosterone blood test.

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Sperm DNA (SCSA)

The SCSA (sperm chromatin structure assay) test measures the stability of the chromatin and provides an estimate of the level of DNA damage in the sperm.

More info

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Syphilis (RPR)

Syphilis RPR is a non-specific screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of patients that may have Syphilis.

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Syphilis (TPPA)

Syphilis Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) is a screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of people who have a current or past infection of the disease. It requires confirmation by tests such as TPHA or FTA antibodies.

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Testosterone (TESTO)

This test measure the levels of testosterone in a blood sample. Elevated levels are seen in Hirsutism and/or virilism in females. Decreased levels are seen in males with testicular failure. It can also indicate infertility problems.

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Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

A thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) blood test is used as the initial test to diagnose thyroid dysfunction, such as Hyper and Hypo Thyroidism.

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Total Bilirubin
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Total IgE

The Total IgE test measures the level of IgE antibodies in a blood sample. It can be used to screen for allergies.

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Total Protein
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Triglycerides
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Urea

Investigation of renal function

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Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C)

The Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C) is a blood test that measures levels of urea, creatinine and electrolytes (various salts including sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate). Elevated levels can be an indication of dehydration or impaired kidney function.

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Urine Microalbumin
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Urine Total Protein
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Valproate

This test measures the levels of Valproate in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Vitamin B12

This test measures the levels of vitamin B12 in a blood sample. Used for diagnosis of anemia and monitoring of B12/Folate treatment

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Vitamin D

This test measures the levels of vitamin D in a blood sample. Used in the investigation of suspected rickets and osteomalacia, bone metabolism, mineral levels in the blood.

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General Health

17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP)

The 17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP) blood test is used to diagnose and manage congenital adrenal hyperplasiay. Increased level indicates 21 OHP deficiency. It may also assist in managing infertility symptoms such as hirsutism and virilism.

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SST
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Alkaline Phosphatase
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Amphetamines

This test measures the levels of Amphetamines in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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APTT

The Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT) test evaluates certain coagulation factors. It is is used primarily to investigate risk of excessive bleeding and monitor heparin therapy. This is a limited hemostasis related test.

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Autoantibodies (ACCP)

The Anti-cyclic Citrullinated Peptide (ACCP) test measures the level of cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies in a blood sample. It can help diagnose rheumatoid arthritis.

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AZF / DAZ

Males who have deletions of the AZF gene region of the Y chromosome have either no, or very reduced sperm production and are candidates for assisted reproduction.

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Barbituate

This test measures the levels of Barbituates in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Benzodiazephine

This test measures the levels of Benzodiazephine in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

Collection guide
EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
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C-Reactive Protein
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Ca125 (Tumour Marker)

A CA-125 (cancer antigen 125) measures a protein in the blood to help diagnose ovarian cancer. Elevations are also seen in other cancers, hepatitis, pevic inflammatory disease and endometriosis. Mainly used to monitor ovarian cancer treatment.

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CA19.9

The CA 19-9 (tumour marker) test measures the level of Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 in a blood sample. This test is used to monitor response to pancreatic cancer treatment.

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Cannabis (THC)

This test measures the levels of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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CEA

The CEA test measures is used to monitor the treatment of cancer patients. An abnormal level may be a sign of cancer. It is not to be used as a screening test for malignant disease.Increased levels are seen in smokers, colorectal and breast cancers.

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Chickenpox IgG (Varicella)

A blood test to determine immunity status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. For those previously exposed or vaccinated.

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Chickenpox IgM (Varicella)

A blood test to determine active status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. Present within a week or two after exposure.

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Chlamydia lgG

A blood test to detect recent or past infection with chlamydia trachomatis, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. Refer to Chlamydia PCR test.

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Chlamydia PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Chlamydial infection, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is the method of choice for Chlamydia testing as it is the most sensitive method.

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Chloride (Cl-)
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CMV IgG

A blood test to determine whether someone has had a Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. If acquired during pregnancy may cause physical and developmental problems.

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Cocaine

This test measures the levels of Cocaine in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Creatine Kinase
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D-Dimer

The D-dimer test may indicate the presence of an abnormally high level of fibrin degradation products in a sample of blood. It is is used to investigate an inappropriate blood clot and diagnose conditions related to thrombosis - one of the most common being DVT (deep vein thrombosis).

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Digoxin

This test measures the levels of Digoxin in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Direct Bilirubin
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Electrolytes

Monitor electrolytes imbalance for patients presenting cardiac, renal impairment. Increased levels are usually found in acidosis, tissue damage, renal failure and mineralocorticoid. Na, K, Cl, Co2 used in combination for electrolyte disturbances, acid base disorders.

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Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR or sed rate) is a non-specific test that can help detect inflammation associated with conditions such as infections, cancers, and autoimmune diseases. CRP is a better marker of inflammation.

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Ethyl Alcohol

This test measures the levels of alcohol in a blood sample for non-legal purposes.

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Faecal occult blood
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Faeces & Urine reducing sugars
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Faeces for parasitology
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Faeces MC & S
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Fasting Glucose

The Fasting Glucose test (also known as the Fasting Blood Sugar test) is a blood glucose test used to detect high and low blood glucose. It can detect either Hypo or Hyperglycaemia. and monitor diabetes. It is a routine examination for those at high risk of developing diabetes, or those that are overweight. It is also used to screen for gestational diabetes in pregnant women should be screened between 24 - 28 weeks using oral GTT.

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Fasting Insulin

The Fasting Insulin test is a hormone test most frequently ordered following a low glucose and/or when someone has acute or chronic symptoms of low blood glucose (Hypoglycemia).

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Folate (Folic Acid)

This test measures the levels of the vitamin Folate (Folic Acid) in a blood sample. It is most relevant for patients at risk of Folate deficiency such as coeliac disease and those presenting with macrocytic anaemia.

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Free Androgen Index

The Free Androgen Index result is calculated by measuring Testosterone and the Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SvHBG) from a blood test.

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Free Thyroxine (FT4)

A Free Thyroxine (FT4) blood test helps evaluate thyroid gland function.

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FT3 (Free T3)

Measures triiodothyronine (T3) in a blood sample. It can help diagnose T3 thyrotoxicosis.

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FT4 (Free T4)

Measures thyroxine (T4) in a blood sample, and is used along with a TSH blood test. It can help monitor thyroid replacement.

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Full Blood Count (FBE)

The full blood count (FBC) is a common test that measures haemaglobin, white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. It can be used as a screen for various disorders such as anaemia and infection.

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Fungal culture
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Genital swab

A swab, taken from the vagina, penis, and/or rectum, is tested in the laboratory for thrush, bacterial vaginosis and various other bacteria as well as STIs including chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomonasis.

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Glucose Tolerance Test (50g)
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Glucose Tolerance Test (75g)
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Hba1C

The Hba1C blood test measures glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body and joins with glucose in the blood, becoming 'glycated'. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes as well as to monitor how well diabetes is being controlled. It is an indicator of the average amount of glucose over a time period (3 months).

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Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen is a blood test to detect antibodies produced in response to HBV surface antigens. It indicates acute Hepatitis B and usually requested in conjunction with LFTs. HBsAg POSITIVE needs to be confirmed by alternative methods, before it is regarded as a true positive.

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Hepatitis C Antibodies

Hepatitis C Antibodies is a blood test to detects antibodies to the virus if there has been past exposure. It does not indicate a recent exposure . A positive result has to be confirmed by another test. Hepatitis C causes damage to the liver and is contracted through exposure to blood.

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HIV Antibodies

HIV antibody testing is used to screen for and diagnose HIV infections. It detects both the HIV 1 and HIV 2 antibodies.

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HTLV Antibodies

Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is associated with certain rare diseases of T lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of white blood cell that is an important part of the body's immune system. This test detects an HTLV infection in order to help identify the virus as the underlying cause of an individual's leukemia, lymphoma, or rare nervous system disorder.

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immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgE)

An immunoglobulins test measures the level of antibodies in a blood sample, particularly antibodies IgA, IgG and IgE.

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Infectious mononucleosis (IM)

The Infectious mononucleosis (IM) / Paul Bunnell blood test is used to help determine whether a person with symptoms has infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever).

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Inhibin B

The Inhibin B blood test aids in the diagnosis of granulosa cell tumors and mucinous epithelial ovarian tumors. It is commonly used in addition to an FSH test when assessing infertility.

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Inorganic Phosphate
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INR

The international normalized ratio (INR) is based on the results of a prothrombin time test. It is used to monitor patients being treated with the anticoagulant warfarin. This is a limited hemostasis related test.

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Iron Studies

This set of tests measures the body's iron stores. It is requested when anemia or iron excess is suspected. Ferritin is usually preferred for iron deficiency.

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Liver Function Test (LFT)

Liver Function Test (LFT) (also referred to as a Liver Enzyme Test) is a blood tests that detect liver inflammation and damage. The panel consists of ALT, ALP, AST, Total Bilirubin, Albumin, GGT and Protein.

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Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

A luteinising hormone (LH) test measures the amount of luteinising hormone (LH) in a sample of blood. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests, such as Progesterone and Oestradiol. It can help diagnose the cause of irregular periods or aid the management of pituitary disorders. High levels are seen in primary gonadal failure. It can also to help monitor ovulation.

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Methadone

This test measures the levels of Methadone in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Microscopic urine culture & sensitivity (MSU C&S)

A microscopic study of the urine culture performed to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria in patients with suspected urinary tract infection.

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Neisseria Gonorrhoea PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Gonococcal infection, caused by the sexual transmitted disease, gonorrhoea. PCR methods are sensitive, quick and not affected by transport delays.

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Oestradiol (E2)

The Oestradiol (E2) blood test (also referred to as Estradiol) is used to detect a deficiency or excess in estrogen in a woman. It can be used to monitor ovulation induction, as well as evaluate ovarian function, such as amenorrhoea.

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Opiate

This test measures the levels of Opiate in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Phenytoin

This test measures the levels of Phenytoin in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Potassium (K+)
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Pregnancy (BHCG)

The beta hCG blood test measures the amount of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG), a hormone produced during pregnancy. It is wsed to monitor stages of pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy.

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Progesterone (PROG / P4)

The Progesterone (P4) blood test is used to measure the levels of the hormone progesterone in a woman's blood. It can be used in ovulation assessment, and in infertility and pregnancy management.

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Prolactin (PROL)

This test measure the levels of prolactin in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose infertility in men and women. It can be a cause of galactorrhoea and prolactinoma.

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Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Free

The Free Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test measures the levels of PSA protein in a blood sample that has not become attached is other blood proteins. The Free PSA test is used to differentiate between benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis and prostate cancer.

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Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Total

A PSA test measures the level of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. The Total PSA test is used for screening and the management of prostate cancer. See PSA (Free) test also.

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PTH

The PTH test measures the level of parathyroid hormone in a blood sample.

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Rheumatoid factor

The Rheumatoid Factor test measures the level of an particular immunoglobulin M (IgM) protein in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogren's syndrome.

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Rubella lgG

The Rubella IgG test is used to detect antibodies in the blood that develop in response to a recent or past rubella infection, or indicate that a rubella vaccine has been given and is providing adequate protection.

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Semen Analysis

A semen analysis is the most important male infertility test, providing an accurate measurement of the number of sperm, motility (proportion of sperm that can swim) and morphology (sperm shape).

More info

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Semen Antibodies (SAb IgG)

A Semen Antibodies (Sab IgG) test looks for special proteins or antibodies that fight against a man's sperm and therefore can affect sperm penetration into cervical mucus.

More info

Find a collection centre
Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG)

The sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) blood test can be used to help evaluate men for low testosterone and women for excess testosterone production. It is usually ordered together with the Testosterone blood test.

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Sperm DNA (SCSA)

The SCSA (sperm chromatin structure assay) test measures the stability of the chromatin and provides an estimate of the level of DNA damage in the sperm.

More info

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Syphilis (RPR)

Syphilis RPR is a non-specific screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of patients that may have Syphilis.

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Syphilis (TPPA)

Syphilis Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) is a screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of people who have a current or past infection of the disease. It requires confirmation by tests such as TPHA or FTA antibodies.

Find a collection centre
Testosterone (TESTO)

This test measure the levels of testosterone in a blood sample. Elevated levels are seen in Hirsutism and/or virilism in females. Decreased levels are seen in males with testicular failure. It can also indicate infertility problems.

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Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

A thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) blood test is used as the initial test to diagnose thyroid dysfunction, such as Hyper and Hypo Thyroidism.

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Total Bilirubin
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Total IgE

The Total IgE test measures the level of IgE antibodies in a blood sample. It can be used to screen for allergies.

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Total Protein
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Triglycerides
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Urea

Investigation of renal function

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Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C)

The Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C) is a blood test that measures levels of urea, creatinine and electrolytes (various salts including sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate). Elevated levels can be an indication of dehydration or impaired kidney function.

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Urine analysis
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Urine Microalbumin
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Urine Total Protein
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Valproate

This test measures the levels of Valproate in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Vitamin B12

This test measures the levels of vitamin B12 in a blood sample. Used for diagnosis of anemia and monitoring of B12/Folate treatment

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Vitamin D

This test measures the levels of vitamin D in a blood sample. Used in the investigation of suspected rickets and osteomalacia, bone metabolism, mineral levels in the blood.

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We offer a broad range of tests across Haematology, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Serology, Immunopathology, Endocrinology, Andrology and Genetics  - to help you provide a thorough assessment of your patient's health and wellbeing.

Andrology

Semen Analysis

A semen analysis is the most important male infertility test, providing an accurate measurement of the number of sperm, motility (proportion of sperm that can swim) and morphology (sperm shape).

More info

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Semen Antibodies (SAb IgG)

A Semen Antibodies (Sab IgG) test looks for special proteins or antibodies that fight against a man's sperm and therefore can affect sperm penetration into cervical mucus.

More info

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Sperm DNA (SCSA)

The SCSA (sperm chromatin structure assay) test measures the stability of the chromatin and provides an estimate of the level of DNA damage in the sperm.

More info

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Sperm FISH

Sperm – FISH studies can be performed to determine the percentage of sperm that have a gain or loss of a chromosomes (elevated aneuploidy reduces the chance of conception). FISH studies are also available for males who carry translocations to determine the proportion of sperm that are chromosomally normal or balanced. This percentage is linked to the chance of conception.

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Biochemistry

Alkaline Phosphatase
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Amphetamines

This test measures the levels of Amphetamines in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Barbituate

This test measures the levels of Barbituates in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Benzodiazephine

This test measures the levels of Benzodiazephine in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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C-Reactive Protein
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Chloride (Cl-)
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Cocaine

This test measures the levels of Cocaine in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Creatine Kinase
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Digoxin

This test measures the levels of Digoxin in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Direct Bilirubin
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Ethyl Alcohol

This test measures the levels of alcohol in a blood sample for non-legal purposes.

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Faecal occult blood
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Faeces & Urine reducing sugars
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Faeces for parasitology
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Faeces MC & S
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Fasting Glucose

The Fasting Glucose test (also known as the Fasting Blood Sugar test) is a blood glucose test used to detect high and low blood glucose. It can detect either Hypo or Hyperglycaemia. and monitor diabetes. It is a routine examination for those at high risk of developing diabetes, or those that are overweight. It is also used to screen for gestational diabetes in pregnant women should be screened between 24 - 28 weeks using oral GTT.

Find a collection centre
Fasting Insulin

The Fasting Insulin test is a hormone test most frequently ordered following a low glucose and/or when someone has acute or chronic symptoms of low blood glucose (Hypoglycemia).

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Fungal culture
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Glucose Tolerance Test (50g)
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Glucose Tolerance Test (75g)
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Hba1C

The Hba1C blood test measures glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body and joins with glucose in the blood, becoming 'glycated'. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes as well as to monitor how well diabetes is being controlled. It is an indicator of the average amount of glucose over a time period (3 months).

Find a collection centre
Inorganic Phosphate
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Liver Function Test (LFT)

Liver Function Test (LFT) (also referred to as a Liver Enzyme Test) is a blood tests that detect liver inflammation and damage. The panel consists of ALT, ALP, AST, Total Bilirubin, Albumin, GGT and Protein.

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Methadone

This test measures the levels of Methadone in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Opiate

This test measures the levels of Opiate in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Phenytoin

This test measures the levels of Phenytoin in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Potassium (K+)
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Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Free

The Free Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test measures the levels of PSA protein in a blood sample that has not become attached is other blood proteins. The Free PSA test is used to differentiate between benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis and prostate cancer.

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Total Bilirubin
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Total Protein
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Triglycerides
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Urea

Investigation of renal function

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Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C)

The Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C) is a blood test that measures levels of urea, creatinine and electrolytes (various salts including sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate). Elevated levels can be an indication of dehydration or impaired kidney function.

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Urine Microalbumin
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Urine Total Protein
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Valproate

This test measures the levels of Valproate in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Vitamin B12

This test measures the levels of vitamin B12 in a blood sample. Used for diagnosis of anemia and monitoring of B12/Folate treatment

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Vitamin D

This test measures the levels of vitamin D in a blood sample. Used in the investigation of suspected rickets and osteomalacia, bone metabolism, mineral levels in the blood.

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Cytogenetics

Karyotype - Blood

This is a low level whole genome screen looking for changes in chromosome number and structure. Such changes can lead to infertility or recurrent miscarriage.

More info

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Endocrinology

17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP)

The 17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP) blood test is used to diagnose and manage congenital adrenal hyperplasiay. Increased level indicates 21 OHP deficiency. It may also assist in managing infertility symptoms such as hirsutism and virilism.

Collection guide
SST
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Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH)

The Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) blood test measures the hormone secreted by cells in developing egg sacs (follicles), and is an indicator of ovarian reserve and fertility. This test is also used in the management of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) as well as when ambiguous genitalia present in children.

More info

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Ca125 (Tumour Marker)

A CA-125 (cancer antigen 125) measures a protein in the blood to help diagnose ovarian cancer. Elevations are also seen in other cancers, hepatitis, pevic inflammatory disease and endometriosis. Mainly used to monitor ovarian cancer treatment.

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CA19.9

The CA 19-9 (tumour marker) test measures the level of Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 in a blood sample. This test is used to monitor response to pancreatic cancer treatment.

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CEA

The CEA test measures is used to monitor the treatment of cancer patients. An abnormal level may be a sign of cancer. It is not to be used as a screening test for malignant disease.Increased levels are seen in smokers, colorectal and breast cancers.

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DHEAS

This is a blood test for dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), often carried out alongside other hormone tests, to investigate possible causes of infertility, amenorrhoea and hirsutism in females. Elevated levels are seen in congenital adrenal hyperplasia or adrenal tumours.

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Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

A follicle-stimulating hormone test measures the amount of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in a blood sample. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests to investigate infertility. It is also used to determine onset of menopause in women, and for men with low sperm count.

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Free Androgen Index

The Free Androgen Index result is calculated by measuring Testosterone and the Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SvHBG) from a blood test.

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FT3 (Free T3)

Measures triiodothyronine (T3) in a blood sample. It can help diagnose T3 thyrotoxicosis.

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FT4 (Free T4)

Measures thyroxine (T4) in a blood sample, and is used along with a TSH blood test. It can help monitor thyroid replacement.

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Inhibin B

The Inhibin B blood test aids in the diagnosis of granulosa cell tumors and mucinous epithelial ovarian tumors. It is commonly used in addition to an FSH test when assessing infertility.

Find a collection centre
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

A luteinising hormone (LH) test measures the amount of luteinising hormone (LH) in a sample of blood. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests, such as Progesterone and Oestradiol. It can help diagnose the cause of irregular periods or aid the management of pituitary disorders. High levels are seen in primary gonadal failure. It can also to help monitor ovulation.

Find a collection centre
Oestradiol (E2)

The Oestradiol (E2) blood test (also referred to as Estradiol) is used to detect a deficiency or excess in estrogen in a woman. It can be used to monitor ovulation induction, as well as evaluate ovarian function, such as amenorrhoea.

Find a collection centre
Pregnancy (BHCG)

The beta hCG blood test measures the amount of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG), a hormone produced during pregnancy. It is wsed to monitor stages of pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy.

Find a collection centre
Progesterone (PROG / P4)

The Progesterone (P4) blood test is used to measure the levels of the hormone progesterone in a woman's blood. It can be used in ovulation assessment, and in infertility and pregnancy management.

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Prolactin (PROL)

This test measure the levels of prolactin in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose infertility in men and women. It can be a cause of galactorrhoea and prolactinoma.

Find a collection centre
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Total

A PSA test measures the level of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. The Total PSA test is used for screening and the management of prostate cancer. See PSA (Free) test also.

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PTH

The PTH test measures the level of parathyroid hormone in a blood sample.

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Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG)

The sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) blood test can be used to help evaluate men for low testosterone and women for excess testosterone production. It is usually ordered together with the Testosterone blood test.

Find a collection centre
Testosterone (TESTO)

This test measure the levels of testosterone in a blood sample. Elevated levels are seen in Hirsutism and/or virilism in females. Decreased levels are seen in males with testicular failure. It can also indicate infertility problems.

Find a collection centre
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

A thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) blood test is used as the initial test to diagnose thyroid dysfunction, such as Hyper and Hypo Thyroidism.

Find a collection centre

Haematology

Autoantibodies (ACCP)

The Anti-cyclic Citrullinated Peptide (ACCP) test measures the level of cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies in a blood sample. It can help diagnose rheumatoid arthritis.

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Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

Collection guide
EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
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D-Dimer

The D-dimer test may indicate the presence of an abnormally high level of fibrin degradation products in a sample of blood. It is is used to investigate an inappropriate blood clot and diagnose conditions related to thrombosis - one of the most common being DVT (deep vein thrombosis).

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Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR or sed rate) is a non-specific test that can help detect inflammation associated with conditions such as infections, cancers, and autoimmune diseases. CRP is a better marker of inflammation.

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Full Blood Count (FBE)

The full blood count (FBC) is a common test that measures haemaglobin, white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. It can be used as a screen for various disorders such as anaemia and infection.

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Iron Studies

This set of tests measures the body's iron stores. It is requested when anemia or iron excess is suspected. Ferritin is usually preferred for iron deficiency.

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Immunology

immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgE)

An immunoglobulins test measures the level of antibodies in a blood sample, particularly antibodies IgA, IgG and IgE.

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Natural Killer Cells

Testing for Natural Killer Cell Activity involves a simple blood test to measure the number and activation levels of the NK cells. NK Cell Activity testing can be considered for patients experiencing recurrent miscarriage, repeated IVF failure, or unexplained infertility.

More info

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Rheumatoid factor

The Rheumatoid Factor test measures the level of an particular immunoglobulin M (IgM) protein in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogren's syndrome.

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Total IgE

The Total IgE test measures the level of IgE antibodies in a blood sample. It can be used to screen for allergies.

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Microbiology

AZF / DAZ

Males who have deletions of the AZF gene region of the Y chromosome have either no, or very reduced sperm production and are candidates for assisted reproduction.

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Genital swab

A swab, taken from the vagina, penis, and/or rectum, is tested in the laboratory for thrush, bacterial vaginosis and various other bacteria as well as STIs including chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomonasis.

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Microscopic urine culture & sensitivity (MSU C&S)

A microscopic study of the urine culture performed to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria in patients with suspected urinary tract infection.

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Molecular Genetics

Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis carrier screening for all coding regions of the gene. This screen looks for changes in the gene (mutations). When both parents carry a mutation, they have a 1 in 4 chance of having a child affected with CF. Mutations in this gene are also associated with male infertility. The mutation carrier rate is 1 in 16.

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Fertility Panel

The Fertility Panel panel covers 11 genes that are implicated in infertility in both males and females. It includes CF and AZF, thrombophilia genes, haemochromatosis (carrier rate of 1 in 6) and FSH receptor.

More info

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Fragile X Screening

Large changes in this gene can lead to children affected with X-linked mental retardation. Our Fragile X screening detects females who carry a pre-mutation that places them at risk of having affected children (mainly sons) as well as a 20% risk of premature menopause.

Find a collection centre
Non Invasive Prenatal Testing

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood.

More info

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Non Invasive Prenatal Testing + 22q

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood. This test can also be combined with a screen for 22q11.2 deletion.

More info

Find a collection centre
Non Invasive Prenatal Testing + 5xmicrodeletions

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood. This test can also be combined with a screen for 5 microdeletion syndromes - 22q11.2 deletion, Angelman, Cri-du-chat, 1p36 deletion, and Prader-Willi.

More info

Find a collection centre
Preconception Screen

Approximately 1% of babies born have a genetic disorder. On average 25 disorders are screened for by state run newborn screening programs just after birth. Our preconception panel has 552 genes covering 590 genetic disorders with significant disease severity, including those disorders covered by newborn screening. Having the preconception screen allows prospective parents to make decisions regarding reproduction, pre-implantation diagnosis or prenatal diagnosis after genetic counselling.

More info

Find a collection centre
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) with Karyomapping

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) with Karyomapping is a highly sophisticated scientific technique to test embryos for the presence of a known, single gene (monogenic) disorder. This allows only embryos that are not affected by a specific disorder to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle, preventing the condition from being passed on to any future children. These single gene disorders can include, but aren't limited to, Huntingtons’ disease, Cystic fibrosis, Thalassaemia, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Fragile-X, and BRCA1/BRCA2 (hereditary breast/ovarian cancer).Analysis of the DNA samples provided by a couple will take approximately two to four weeks to establish whether karyomapping is appropriate, which is a faster process than any other PGD technique.

More info

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Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) with PCR

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) using multiplex PCR methodology is a sophisticated scientific technique to test embryos for the presence of a known, single gene (monogenic) disorder. This allows only embryos that are not affected by a specific disorder to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle, preventing the condition from being passed on to any future children.

More info

Find a collection centre
Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS) with Array CGH

Pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS) with 24Sure Array CGH technology screens all 24 chromosomes in a developing embryo, enabling our scientists to select only embryos with a normal chromosome profile to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle. Recent scientific research has confirmed that this technique of selectively implanting chromosomally normal embryos significantly increases the pregnancy rate in IVF cycles, and therefore this technique is increasingly used in the case of repeated unsuccessful IVF cycles or recurrent miscarriage.

More info

Find a collection centre

Serology

Chickenpox IgG (Varicella)

A blood test to determine immunity status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. For those previously exposed or vaccinated.

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Chickenpox IgM (Varicella)

A blood test to determine active status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. Present within a week or two after exposure.

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Chlamydia lgG

A blood test to detect recent or past infection with chlamydia trachomatis, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. Refer to Chlamydia PCR test.

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Chlamydia PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Chlamydial infection, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is the method of choice for Chlamydia testing as it is the most sensitive method.

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CMV IgG

A blood test to determine whether someone has had a Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. If acquired during pregnancy may cause physical and developmental problems.

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Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen is a blood test to detect antibodies produced in response to HBV surface antigens. It indicates acute Hepatitis B and usually requested in conjunction with LFTs. HBsAg POSITIVE needs to be confirmed by alternative methods, before it is regarded as a true positive.

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Hepatitis C Antibodies

Hepatitis C Antibodies is a blood test to detects antibodies to the virus if there has been past exposure. It does not indicate a recent exposure . A positive result has to be confirmed by another test. Hepatitis C causes damage to the liver and is contracted through exposure to blood.

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HIV Antibodies

HIV antibody testing is used to screen for and diagnose HIV infections. It detects both the HIV 1 and HIV 2 antibodies.

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HTLV Antibodies

Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is associated with certain rare diseases of T lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of white blood cell that is an important part of the body's immune system. This test detects an HTLV infection in order to help identify the virus as the underlying cause of an individual's leukemia, lymphoma, or rare nervous system disorder.

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Infectious mononucleosis (IM)

The Infectious mononucleosis (IM) / Paul Bunnell blood test is used to help determine whether a person with symptoms has infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever).

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Neisseria Gonorrhoea PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Gonococcal infection, caused by the sexual transmitted disease, gonorrhoea. PCR methods are sensitive, quick and not affected by transport delays.

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Rubella lgG

The Rubella IgG test is used to detect antibodies in the blood that develop in response to a recent or past rubella infection, or indicate that a rubella vaccine has been given and is providing adequate protection.

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Syphilis (RPR)

Syphilis RPR is a non-specific screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of patients that may have Syphilis.

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Syphilis (TPPA)

Syphilis Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) is a screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of people who have a current or past infection of the disease. It requires confirmation by tests such as TPHA or FTA antibodies.

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For those specialities where Virtus Diagnostics has specific expertise, reviewing the list of services by your speciality can help you easily identify the range of speciality tests available. In this section, we have grouped services for general practioners (for diagnosis of illness and general well-being), fertility specialists (for the diagnosis and treatment of infertility), gynaecology and obstetrics (for preconception and pregnancy management) and for oncology (for the diagnosis of cancer).

Infertility

17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP)

The 17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP) blood test is used to diagnose and manage congenital adrenal hyperplasiay. Increased level indicates 21 OHP deficiency. It may also assist in managing infertility symptoms such as hirsutism and virilism.

Collection guide
SST
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Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH)

The Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) blood test measures the hormone secreted by cells in developing egg sacs (follicles), and is an indicator of ovarian reserve and fertility. This test is also used in the management of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) as well as when ambiguous genitalia present in children.

More info

Find a collection centre
AZF / DAZ

Males who have deletions of the AZF gene region of the Y chromosome have either no, or very reduced sperm production and are candidates for assisted reproduction.

Find a collection centre
Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

Collection guide
EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
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Ca125 (Tumour Marker)

A CA-125 (cancer antigen 125) measures a protein in the blood to help diagnose ovarian cancer. Elevations are also seen in other cancers, hepatitis, pevic inflammatory disease and endometriosis. Mainly used to monitor ovarian cancer treatment.

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Chickenpox IgG (Varicella)

A blood test to determine immunity status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. For those previously exposed or vaccinated.

Find a collection centre
Chickenpox IgM (Varicella)

A blood test to determine active status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. Present within a week or two after exposure.

Find a collection centre
Chlamydia lgG

A blood test to detect recent or past infection with chlamydia trachomatis, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. Refer to Chlamydia PCR test.

Find a collection centre
Chlamydia PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Chlamydial infection, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is the method of choice for Chlamydia testing as it is the most sensitive method.

Find a collection centre
CMV IgG

A blood test to determine whether someone has had a Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. If acquired during pregnancy may cause physical and developmental problems.

Find a collection centre
Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis carrier screening for all coding regions of the gene. This screen looks for changes in the gene (mutations). When both parents carry a mutation, they have a 1 in 4 chance of having a child affected with CF. Mutations in this gene are also associated with male infertility. The mutation carrier rate is 1 in 16.

Find a collection centre
DHEAS

This is a blood test for dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), often carried out alongside other hormone tests, to investigate possible causes of infertility, amenorrhoea and hirsutism in females. Elevated levels are seen in congenital adrenal hyperplasia or adrenal tumours.

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Fertility Panel

The Fertility Panel panel covers 11 genes that are implicated in infertility in both males and females. It includes CF and AZF, thrombophilia genes, haemochromatosis (carrier rate of 1 in 6) and FSH receptor.

More info

Find a collection centre
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

A follicle-stimulating hormone test measures the amount of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in a blood sample. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests to investigate infertility. It is also used to determine onset of menopause in women, and for men with low sperm count.

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Fragile X Screening

Large changes in this gene can lead to children affected with X-linked mental retardation. Our Fragile X screening detects females who carry a pre-mutation that places them at risk of having affected children (mainly sons) as well as a 20% risk of premature menopause.

Find a collection centre
Free Androgen Index

The Free Androgen Index result is calculated by measuring Testosterone and the Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SvHBG) from a blood test.

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FT4 (Free T4)

Measures thyroxine (T4) in a blood sample, and is used along with a TSH blood test. It can help monitor thyroid replacement.

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Genital swab

A swab, taken from the vagina, penis, and/or rectum, is tested in the laboratory for thrush, bacterial vaginosis and various other bacteria as well as STIs including chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomonasis.

Find a collection centre
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen is a blood test to detect antibodies produced in response to HBV surface antigens. It indicates acute Hepatitis B and usually requested in conjunction with LFTs. HBsAg POSITIVE needs to be confirmed by alternative methods, before it is regarded as a true positive.

Find a collection centre
Inhibin B

The Inhibin B blood test aids in the diagnosis of granulosa cell tumors and mucinous epithelial ovarian tumors. It is commonly used in addition to an FSH test when assessing infertility.

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Karyotype - Blood

This is a low level whole genome screen looking for changes in chromosome number and structure. Such changes can lead to infertility or recurrent miscarriage.

More info

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Karyotype - Prenatal Samples (CVS or amniocentesis)

Testing of the fetus during pregnancy occurs if congenital abnormalities are detected on ultrasound, one parent is a known chromosome translocation carrier or both parents are carriers of autosomal recessive gene mutations eg cystic fibrosis. All prenatal samples under go overnight FISH studies to look for the common chromosome trisomies (this covers the same chromosomes that are screened for by non-invasive prenatal testing).

More info

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Karyotype - Products of Conception

Approximately 60% of first trimester miscarriages are due to a change in chromosome number (aneuploidy).

More info

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Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

A luteinising hormone (LH) test measures the amount of luteinising hormone (LH) in a sample of blood. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests, such as Progesterone and Oestradiol. It can help diagnose the cause of irregular periods or aid the management of pituitary disorders. High levels are seen in primary gonadal failure. It can also to help monitor ovulation.

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Microscopic urine culture & sensitivity (MSU C&S)

A microscopic study of the urine culture performed to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria in patients with suspected urinary tract infection.

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Natural Killer Cells

Testing for Natural Killer Cell Activity involves a simple blood test to measure the number and activation levels of the NK cells. NK Cell Activity testing can be considered for patients experiencing recurrent miscarriage, repeated IVF failure, or unexplained infertility.

More info

Find a collection centre
Neisseria Gonorrhoea PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Gonococcal infection, caused by the sexual transmitted disease, gonorrhoea. PCR methods are sensitive, quick and not affected by transport delays.

Find a collection centre
Non Invasive Prenatal Testing

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood.

More info

Find a collection centre
Oestradiol (E2)

The Oestradiol (E2) blood test (also referred to as Estradiol) is used to detect a deficiency or excess in estrogen in a woman. It can be used to monitor ovulation induction, as well as evaluate ovarian function, such as amenorrhoea.

Find a collection centre
Preconception Screen

Approximately 1% of babies born have a genetic disorder. On average 25 disorders are screened for by state run newborn screening programs just after birth. Our preconception panel has 552 genes covering 590 genetic disorders with significant disease severity, including those disorders covered by newborn screening. Having the preconception screen allows prospective parents to make decisions regarding reproduction, pre-implantation diagnosis or prenatal diagnosis after genetic counselling.

More info

Find a collection centre
Pregnancy (BHCG)

The beta hCG blood test measures the amount of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG), a hormone produced during pregnancy. It is wsed to monitor stages of pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy.

Find a collection centre
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) with Karyomapping

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) with Karyomapping is a highly sophisticated scientific technique to test embryos for the presence of a known, single gene (monogenic) disorder. This allows only embryos that are not affected by a specific disorder to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle, preventing the condition from being passed on to any future children. These single gene disorders can include, but aren't limited to, Huntingtons’ disease, Cystic fibrosis, Thalassaemia, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Fragile-X, and BRCA1/BRCA2 (hereditary breast/ovarian cancer).Analysis of the DNA samples provided by a couple will take approximately two to four weeks to establish whether karyomapping is appropriate, which is a faster process than any other PGD technique.

More info

Find a collection centre
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) with PCR

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) using multiplex PCR methodology is a sophisticated scientific technique to test embryos for the presence of a known, single gene (monogenic) disorder. This allows only embryos that are not affected by a specific disorder to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle, preventing the condition from being passed on to any future children.

More info

Find a collection centre
Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS) with Array CGH

Pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS) with 24Sure Array CGH technology screens all 24 chromosomes in a developing embryo, enabling our scientists to select only embryos with a normal chromosome profile to be selected for embryo transfer during an IVF cycle. Recent scientific research has confirmed that this technique of selectively implanting chromosomally normal embryos significantly increases the pregnancy rate in IVF cycles, and therefore this technique is increasingly used in the case of repeated unsuccessful IVF cycles or recurrent miscarriage.

More info

Find a collection centre
Progesterone (PROG / P4)

The Progesterone (P4) blood test is used to measure the levels of the hormone progesterone in a woman's blood. It can be used in ovulation assessment, and in infertility and pregnancy management.

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Prolactin (PROL)

This test measure the levels of prolactin in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose infertility in men and women. It can be a cause of galactorrhoea and prolactinoma.

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Rubella lgG

The Rubella IgG test is used to detect antibodies in the blood that develop in response to a recent or past rubella infection, or indicate that a rubella vaccine has been given and is providing adequate protection.

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Semen Analysis

A semen analysis is the most important male infertility test, providing an accurate measurement of the number of sperm, motility (proportion of sperm that can swim) and morphology (sperm shape).

More info

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Semen Antibodies (SAb IgG)

A Semen Antibodies (Sab IgG) test looks for special proteins or antibodies that fight against a man's sperm and therefore can affect sperm penetration into cervical mucus.

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Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG)

The sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) blood test can be used to help evaluate men for low testosterone and women for excess testosterone production. It is usually ordered together with the Testosterone blood test.

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Sperm DNA (SCSA)

The SCSA (sperm chromatin structure assay) test measures the stability of the chromatin and provides an estimate of the level of DNA damage in the sperm.

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Sperm FISH

Sperm – FISH studies can be performed to determine the percentage of sperm that have a gain or loss of a chromosomes (elevated aneuploidy reduces the chance of conception). FISH studies are also available for males who carry translocations to determine the proportion of sperm that are chromosomally normal or balanced. This percentage is linked to the chance of conception.

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Syphilis (RPR)

Syphilis RPR is a non-specific screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of patients that may have Syphilis.

Find a collection centre
Syphilis (TPPA)

Syphilis Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) is a screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of people who have a current or past infection of the disease. It requires confirmation by tests such as TPHA or FTA antibodies.

Find a collection centre
Testosterone (TESTO)

This test measure the levels of testosterone in a blood sample. Elevated levels are seen in Hirsutism and/or virilism in females. Decreased levels are seen in males with testicular failure. It can also indicate infertility problems.

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Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

A thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) blood test is used as the initial test to diagnose thyroid dysfunction, such as Hyper and Hypo Thyroidism.

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Urea

Investigation of renal function

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Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C)

The Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C) is a blood test that measures levels of urea, creatinine and electrolytes (various salts including sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate). Elevated levels can be an indication of dehydration or impaired kidney function.

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Vitamin D

This test measures the levels of vitamin D in a blood sample. Used in the investigation of suspected rickets and osteomalacia, bone metabolism, mineral levels in the blood.

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Obstetrics

Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH)

The Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) blood test measures the hormone secreted by cells in developing egg sacs (follicles), and is an indicator of ovarian reserve and fertility. This test is also used in the management of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) as well as when ambiguous genitalia present in children.

More info

Find a collection centre
Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

Collection guide
EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
Find a collection centre
Ca125 (Tumour Marker)

A CA-125 (cancer antigen 125) measures a protein in the blood to help diagnose ovarian cancer. Elevations are also seen in other cancers, hepatitis, pevic inflammatory disease and endometriosis. Mainly used to monitor ovarian cancer treatment.

Find a collection centre
Chickenpox IgG (Varicella)

A blood test to determine immunity status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. For those previously exposed or vaccinated.

Find a collection centre
Chickenpox IgM (Varicella)

A blood test to determine active status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. Present within a week or two after exposure.

Find a collection centre
Chlamydia lgG

A blood test to detect recent or past infection with chlamydia trachomatis, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. Refer to Chlamydia PCR test.

Find a collection centre
Chlamydia PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Chlamydial infection, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is the method of choice for Chlamydia testing as it is the most sensitive method.

Find a collection centre
CMV IgG

A blood test to determine whether someone has had a Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. If acquired during pregnancy may cause physical and developmental problems.

Find a collection centre
Fasting Glucose

The Fasting Glucose test (also known as the Fasting Blood Sugar test) is a blood glucose test used to detect high and low blood glucose. It can detect either Hypo or Hyperglycaemia. and monitor diabetes. It is a routine examination for those at high risk of developing diabetes, or those that are overweight. It is also used to screen for gestational diabetes in pregnant women should be screened between 24 - 28 weeks using oral GTT.

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Fasting Insulin

The Fasting Insulin test is a hormone test most frequently ordered following a low glucose and/or when someone has acute or chronic symptoms of low blood glucose (Hypoglycemia).

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Hba1C

The Hba1C blood test measures glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body and joins with glucose in the blood, becoming 'glycated'. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes as well as to monitor how well diabetes is being controlled. It is an indicator of the average amount of glucose over a time period (3 months).

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Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen is a blood test to detect antibodies produced in response to HBV surface antigens. It indicates acute Hepatitis B and usually requested in conjunction with LFTs. HBsAg POSITIVE needs to be confirmed by alternative methods, before it is regarded as a true positive.

Find a collection centre
Microscopic urine culture & sensitivity (MSU C&S)

A microscopic study of the urine culture performed to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria in patients with suspected urinary tract infection.

Find a collection centre
Non Invasive Prenatal Testing

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood.

More info

Find a collection centre
Non Invasive Prenatal Testing + 22q

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood. This test can also be combined with a screen for 22q11.2 deletion.

More info

Find a collection centre
Non Invasive Prenatal Testing + 5xmicrodeletions

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood. This test can also be combined with a screen for 5 microdeletion syndromes - 22q11.2 deletion, Angelman, Cri-du-chat, 1p36 deletion, and Prader-Willi.

More info

Find a collection centre
Oestradiol (E2)

The Oestradiol (E2) blood test (also referred to as Estradiol) is used to detect a deficiency or excess in estrogen in a woman. It can be used to monitor ovulation induction, as well as evaluate ovarian function, such as amenorrhoea.

Find a collection centre
Pregnancy (BHCG)

The beta hCG blood test measures the amount of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG), a hormone produced during pregnancy. It is wsed to monitor stages of pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy.

Find a collection centre
Progesterone (PROG / P4)

The Progesterone (P4) blood test is used to measure the levels of the hormone progesterone in a woman's blood. It can be used in ovulation assessment, and in infertility and pregnancy management.

Find a collection centre
Prolactin (PROL)

This test measure the levels of prolactin in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose infertility in men and women. It can be a cause of galactorrhoea and prolactinoma.

Find a collection centre
Rubella lgG

The Rubella IgG test is used to detect antibodies in the blood that develop in response to a recent or past rubella infection, or indicate that a rubella vaccine has been given and is providing adequate protection.

Find a collection centre

Endocrine

17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP)

The 17 Hydroxy Progesterone (17 OHP) blood test is used to diagnose and manage congenital adrenal hyperplasiay. Increased level indicates 21 OHP deficiency. It may also assist in managing infertility symptoms such as hirsutism and virilism.

Collection guide
SST
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Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH)

The Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) blood test measures the hormone secreted by cells in developing egg sacs (follicles), and is an indicator of ovarian reserve and fertility. This test is also used in the management of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) as well as when ambiguous genitalia present in children.

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Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

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EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
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CA19.9

The CA 19-9 (tumour marker) test measures the level of Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 in a blood sample. This test is used to monitor response to pancreatic cancer treatment.

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DHEAS

This is a blood test for dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), often carried out alongside other hormone tests, to investigate possible causes of infertility, amenorrhoea and hirsutism in females. Elevated levels are seen in congenital adrenal hyperplasia or adrenal tumours.

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Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

A follicle-stimulating hormone test measures the amount of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in a blood sample. This test is used in conjunction with other fertility hormone tests to investigate infertility. It is also used to determine onset of menopause in women, and for men with low sperm count.

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Free Androgen Index

The Free Androgen Index result is calculated by measuring Testosterone and the Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SvHBG) from a blood test.

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Hba1C

The Hba1C blood test measures glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body and joins with glucose in the blood, becoming 'glycated'. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes as well as to monitor how well diabetes is being controlled. It is an indicator of the average amount of glucose over a time period (3 months).

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Iron Studies

This set of tests measures the body's iron stores. It is requested when anemia or iron excess is suspected. Ferritin is usually preferred for iron deficiency.

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Oestradiol (E2)

The Oestradiol (E2) blood test (also referred to as Estradiol) is used to detect a deficiency or excess in estrogen in a woman. It can be used to monitor ovulation induction, as well as evaluate ovarian function, such as amenorrhoea.

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Oncology

APTT

The Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT) test evaluates certain coagulation factors. It is is used primarily to investigate risk of excessive bleeding and monitor heparin therapy. This is a limited hemostasis related test.

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Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

Collection guide
EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
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Ca125 (Tumour Marker)

A CA-125 (cancer antigen 125) measures a protein in the blood to help diagnose ovarian cancer. Elevations are also seen in other cancers, hepatitis, pevic inflammatory disease and endometriosis. Mainly used to monitor ovarian cancer treatment.

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CA19.9

The CA 19-9 (tumour marker) test measures the level of Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 in a blood sample. This test is used to monitor response to pancreatic cancer treatment.

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CEA

The CEA test measures is used to monitor the treatment of cancer patients. An abnormal level may be a sign of cancer. It is not to be used as a screening test for malignant disease.Increased levels are seen in smokers, colorectal and breast cancers.

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CMV IgG

A blood test to determine whether someone has had a Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. If acquired during pregnancy may cause physical and developmental problems.

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Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR or sed rate) is a non-specific test that can help detect inflammation associated with conditions such as infections, cancers, and autoimmune diseases. CRP is a better marker of inflammation.

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FT4 (Free T4)

Measures thyroxine (T4) in a blood sample, and is used along with a TSH blood test. It can help monitor thyroid replacement.

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HTLV Antibodies

Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is associated with certain rare diseases of T lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of white blood cell that is an important part of the body's immune system. This test detects an HTLV infection in order to help identify the virus as the underlying cause of an individual's leukemia, lymphoma, or rare nervous system disorder.

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Infectious mononucleosis (IM)

The Infectious mononucleosis (IM) / Paul Bunnell blood test is used to help determine whether a person with symptoms has infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever).

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INR

The international normalized ratio (INR) is based on the results of a prothrombin time test. It is used to monitor patients being treated with the anticoagulant warfarin. This is a limited hemostasis related test.

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Pregnancy (BHCG)

The beta hCG blood test measures the amount of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG), a hormone produced during pregnancy. It is wsed to monitor stages of pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy.

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Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Free

The Free Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test measures the levels of PSA protein in a blood sample that has not become attached is other blood proteins. The Free PSA test is used to differentiate between benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis and prostate cancer.

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Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Total

A PSA test measures the level of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. The Total PSA test is used for screening and the management of prostate cancer. See PSA (Free) test also.

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PTH

The PTH test measures the level of parathyroid hormone in a blood sample.

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Testosterone (TESTO)

This test measure the levels of testosterone in a blood sample. Elevated levels are seen in Hirsutism and/or virilism in females. Decreased levels are seen in males with testicular failure. It can also indicate infertility problems.

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Vitamin D

This test measures the levels of vitamin D in a blood sample. Used in the investigation of suspected rickets and osteomalacia, bone metabolism, mineral levels in the blood.

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GP

Alkaline Phosphatase
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Amphetamines

This test measures the levels of Amphetamines in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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APTT

The Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT) test evaluates certain coagulation factors. It is is used primarily to investigate risk of excessive bleeding and monitor heparin therapy. This is a limited hemostasis related test.

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Autoantibodies (ACCP)

The Anti-cyclic Citrullinated Peptide (ACCP) test measures the level of cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies in a blood sample. It can help diagnose rheumatoid arthritis.

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Barbituate

This test measures the levels of Barbituates in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Benzodiazephine

This test measures the levels of Benzodiazephine in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Blood Group and Antibodies

A blood test to determine a person's ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) type.

Collection guide
EDTA - 6ml. Must include patient's full name and DOB, date and time of collection and signature of collector on both request form and tube.
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C-Reactive Protein
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CEA

The CEA test measures is used to monitor the treatment of cancer patients. An abnormal level may be a sign of cancer. It is not to be used as a screening test for malignant disease.Increased levels are seen in smokers, colorectal and breast cancers.

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Chickenpox IgG (Varicella)

A blood test to determine immunity status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. For those previously exposed or vaccinated.

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Chickenpox IgM (Varicella)

A blood test to determine active status to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), commonly known as chicken pox. Present within a week or two after exposure.

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Chlamydia lgG

A blood test to detect recent or past infection with chlamydia trachomatis, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. Refer to Chlamydia PCR test.

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Chlamydia PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Chlamydial infection, generally transmitted through sexual contact. This is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and if untreated could lead to urethritis and infertility. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is the method of choice for Chlamydia testing as it is the most sensitive method.

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Chloride (Cl-)
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CMV IgG

A blood test to determine whether someone has had a Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. If acquired during pregnancy may cause physical and developmental problems.

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Cocaine

This test measures the levels of Cocaine in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Creatine Kinase
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D-Dimer

The D-dimer test may indicate the presence of an abnormally high level of fibrin degradation products in a sample of blood. It is is used to investigate an inappropriate blood clot and diagnose conditions related to thrombosis - one of the most common being DVT (deep vein thrombosis).

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Digoxin

This test measures the levels of Digoxin in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Direct Bilirubin
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Electrolytes

Monitor electrolytes imbalance for patients presenting cardiac, renal impairment. Increased levels are usually found in acidosis, tissue damage, renal failure and mineralocorticoid. Na, K, Cl, Co2 used in combination for electrolyte disturbances, acid base disorders.

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Ethyl Alcohol

This test measures the levels of alcohol in a blood sample for non-legal purposes.

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Faecal occult blood
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Faeces & Urine reducing sugars
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Faeces for parasitology
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Faeces MC & S
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Fasting Glucose

The Fasting Glucose test (also known as the Fasting Blood Sugar test) is a blood glucose test used to detect high and low blood glucose. It can detect either Hypo or Hyperglycaemia. and monitor diabetes. It is a routine examination for those at high risk of developing diabetes, or those that are overweight. It is also used to screen for gestational diabetes in pregnant women should be screened between 24 - 28 weeks using oral GTT.

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Fasting Insulin

The Fasting Insulin test is a hormone test most frequently ordered following a low glucose and/or when someone has acute or chronic symptoms of low blood glucose (Hypoglycemia).

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Free Thyroxine (FT4)

A Free Thyroxine (FT4) blood test helps evaluate thyroid gland function.

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FT3 (Free T3)

Measures triiodothyronine (T3) in a blood sample. It can help diagnose T3 thyrotoxicosis.

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Full Blood Count (FBE)

The full blood count (FBC) is a common test that measures haemaglobin, white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. It can be used as a screen for various disorders such as anaemia and infection.

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Fungal culture
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Genital swab

A swab, taken from the vagina, penis, and/or rectum, is tested in the laboratory for thrush, bacterial vaginosis and various other bacteria as well as STIs including chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomonasis.

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Glucose Tolerance Test (50g)
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Glucose Tolerance Test (75g)
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Hba1C

The Hba1C blood test measures glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body and joins with glucose in the blood, becoming 'glycated'. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes as well as to monitor how well diabetes is being controlled. It is an indicator of the average amount of glucose over a time period (3 months).

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Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen is a blood test to detect antibodies produced in response to HBV surface antigens. It indicates acute Hepatitis B and usually requested in conjunction with LFTs. HBsAg POSITIVE needs to be confirmed by alternative methods, before it is regarded as a true positive.

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Hepatitis C Antibodies

Hepatitis C Antibodies is a blood test to detects antibodies to the virus if there has been past exposure. It does not indicate a recent exposure . A positive result has to be confirmed by another test. Hepatitis C causes damage to the liver and is contracted through exposure to blood.

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HIV Antibodies

HIV antibody testing is used to screen for and diagnose HIV infections. It detects both the HIV 1 and HIV 2 antibodies.

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HTLV Antibodies

Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is associated with certain rare diseases of T lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of white blood cell that is an important part of the body's immune system. This test detects an HTLV infection in order to help identify the virus as the underlying cause of an individual's leukemia, lymphoma, or rare nervous system disorder.

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immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgE)

An immunoglobulins test measures the level of antibodies in a blood sample, particularly antibodies IgA, IgG and IgE.

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Inorganic Phosphate
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INR

The international normalized ratio (INR) is based on the results of a prothrombin time test. It is used to monitor patients being treated with the anticoagulant warfarin. This is a limited hemostasis related test.

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Iron Studies

This set of tests measures the body's iron stores. It is requested when anemia or iron excess is suspected. Ferritin is usually preferred for iron deficiency.

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Liver Function Test (LFT)

Liver Function Test (LFT) (also referred to as a Liver Enzyme Test) is a blood tests that detect liver inflammation and damage. The panel consists of ALT, ALP, AST, Total Bilirubin, Albumin, GGT and Protein.

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Methadone

This test measures the levels of Methadone in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Microscopic urine culture & sensitivity (MSU C&S)

A microscopic study of the urine culture performed to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria in patients with suspected urinary tract infection.

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Neisseria Gonorrhoea PCR

A swab or urine test to determine the presence of Gonococcal infection, caused by the sexual transmitted disease, gonorrhoea. PCR methods are sensitive, quick and not affected by transport delays.

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Non Invasive Prenatal Testing

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood.

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Non Invasive Prenatal Testing + 22q

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a blood test, available for women who are at least 9 weeks pregnant. This test uses a blood sample from the mother to find the baby’s DNA to look for certain chromosome conditions that could affect the baby’s health. The test, which is safe for mother and baby, enables first trimester detection of multiple chromosome abnormalities with high accuracy for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), monosomy X (Turner’s syndrome) and triploidy using fetal cell-free DNA found in maternal blood. This test can also be combined with a screen for 22q11.2 deletion.

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Oestradiol (E2)

The Oestradiol (E2) blood test (also referred to as Estradiol) is used to detect a deficiency or excess in estrogen in a woman. It can be used to monitor ovulation induction, as well as evaluate ovarian function, such as amenorrhoea.

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Opiate

This test measures the levels of Opiate in a blood sample for toxicological purposes.

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Phenytoin

This test measures the levels of Phenytoin in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Potassium (K+)
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Progesterone (PROG / P4)

The Progesterone (P4) blood test is used to measure the levels of the hormone progesterone in a woman's blood. It can be used in ovulation assessment, and in infertility and pregnancy management.

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Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Free

The Free Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test measures the levels of PSA protein in a blood sample that has not become attached is other blood proteins. The Free PSA test is used to differentiate between benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis and prostate cancer.

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Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Total

A PSA test measures the level of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. The Total PSA test is used for screening and the management of prostate cancer. See PSA (Free) test also.

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Rheumatoid factor

The Rheumatoid Factor test measures the level of an particular immunoglobulin M (IgM) protein in a blood sample. It can be used to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogren's syndrome.

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Semen Analysis

A semen analysis is the most important male infertility test, providing an accurate measurement of the number of sperm, motility (proportion of sperm that can swim) and morphology (sperm shape).

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Syphilis (RPR)

Syphilis RPR is a non-specific screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of patients that may have Syphilis.

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Syphilis (TPPA)

Syphilis Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) is a screening test for antibodies that are present in the blood of people who have a current or past infection of the disease. It requires confirmation by tests such as TPHA or FTA antibodies.

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Testosterone (TESTO)

This test measure the levels of testosterone in a blood sample. Elevated levels are seen in Hirsutism and/or virilism in females. Decreased levels are seen in males with testicular failure. It can also indicate infertility problems.

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Total Bilirubin
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Total IgE

The Total IgE test measures the level of IgE antibodies in a blood sample. It can be used to screen for allergies.

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Total Protein
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Triglycerides
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Urea

Investigation of renal function

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Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C)

The Urea Electrolytes and Creatinine (UE&C) is a blood test that measures levels of urea, creatinine and electrolytes (various salts including sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate). Elevated levels can be an indication of dehydration or impaired kidney function.

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Urine Microalbumin
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Urine Total Protein
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Valproate

This test measures the levels of Valproate in a blood sample for therapeutic monitoring.

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Vitamin B12

This test measures the levels of vitamin B12 in a blood sample. Used for diagnosis of anemia and monitoring of B12/Folate treatment

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Vitamin D

This test measures the levels of vitamin D in a blood sample. Used in the investigation of suspected rickets and osteomalacia, bone metabolism, mineral levels in the blood.

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